Vitalik: Ethereum, Part 1


Apr 8 2022 • 46 mins

Introduction 0:00

Haseeb’s background 0:22

Vitalik’s background 2:43

A blockchain you can build any app on top of 7:02

Eth trades efficiency for transparency 10:18

Like plain text, Eth is simple and efficient 12:41

Only high-value transactions can afford the blockchain 13:08

Doing away with ‘trusted’ third parties 14:09

Trading performance for security 14:43

‘Impregnable castles made of math’ 16:23

Ethereum’s limitations are latency and privacy 16:56

There are ways to get back your privacy 19:32

Can Eth provide a high level of decentralization and a high level of scaling at the same time? 20:39

Sharding leads to more centralization 21:49

Verifiability at the expense of scaling 24:00

How much decentralization is the right amount? 25:11

What happens when subsidies to join nodes disappear? 27:07

Stateless clients make it possible to verify the chain with very little on your hard drive 28:18

Staking culture is difficult to cultivate 28:52

New blockchain players tend to go for minimum viable decentralization 29:54

People don’t value privacy until somebody goes to jail over it 30:32

Eth is ‘simple at the base’ 31:12

Social recovery wallets make it easier to be your own bank 31:44

Block space is getting expensive 32:41

There’s not a lot of innovation on Bitcoin, by design 33:35

Blockchain’s ‘free-rider effect’ 34:57

Innovation is slowest at Layer 1 35:34

Layer 2 moves faster because it’s permissionless 36:59

What if we froze Layer 1 today? 37:25

Data for computation trade-off 38:57

Benchmarking blockchains apples-to-apples 40:02

Enshrining decentralization 41:43

Tensions between scaling and preserving value 42:27

There will be multiple stores of value 43:54