Business Breakdowns

Colossus | Investing & Business Podcasts

Discover how companies work from the people who know them best. We do deep research and interview industry veterans, investment professionals, and corporate executives to explain the inner workings of public stocks and private businesses. For each company, we break down their history, business model, financial statements, secret sauce, and bull/bear case. We believe every business has lessons to teach us and Breakdowns is here to highlight them. Learn more and stay up to date at www.joincolossus.com.

Polaroid: The Genius of Edwin Land - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 75]
5d ago
Polaroid: The Genius of Edwin Land - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 75]
Today we are breaking down Polaroid. For 30 years, Polaroid monopolized the instant photography industry, producing one Nobel-caliber breakthrough after another. As their products dazzled, sales grew from just under $1.5 million in 1948 to $1.4 billion in 1978. Today, the business is a shadow of its former self but the lessons from its history and especially from the founder endure. Edwin Land is not the most familiar name in business history, but he has had an outsized influence on the world in which we live. In particular, he was Steve Jobs’s hero. To break down Polaroid, I’m joined by David Senra, who studies history’s greatest entrepreneurs through his Founders podcast. David is uniquely qualified to distill the lessons and secrets behind Edwin Land and his life’s work, Polaroid.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   —--   This episode is brought to you by Scribe, the trusted transcription provider for business. Scribe powers call transcription, closed captioning and more with best-in-class accuracy, speed and security. It’s the chosen transcription service for all of S&P Global, including CapIQ Pro, and clients like leading market intelligence platform, Tegus. Scribe accurately transcribes messy, difficult audio including company and product names, currencies, accents and numbers. Challenge us with your hardest audio and see how we stack up. Visit scribefreetrial.com to unlock 150 minutes of free transcription today.    —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss | @ReustleMatt   Show Notes [00:03:04] - [First question] - How unique Edwin Land was [00:08:58] - What he was like and how he solved the problem that lead to Polaroid [00:13:20] - Defining what a polarizer is at a high level [00:16:36] - How scope of ambition can overcome humble beginnings [00:18:59] - The story of the instant camera and how much of a leap forward it was   [00:26:11] - Revealing the Instant Camera; The marketing side of Polaroid beyond the initial magic Land created [00:31:40] - Why they were so successful in building a four decade moat around their patent [00:34:59] - Living in the space of the important and the impossible  [00:38:50] - Optimism as a moral duty that we can take away from Land [00:42:59] - Lessons from the aftermath of Polaroid after Land’s death  [00:48:02] - What the story of Polaroid most represents that is useful for entrepreneurs [00:49:52] - A Triumph of Genius
General Electric: Lessons from the Rise and Fall - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 74]
15-09-2022
General Electric: Lessons from the Rise and Fall - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 74]
This is Matt Reustle and today we are breaking down the historic General Electric. Honestly, approaching this episode was a unique challenge. Today’s GE barely resembles what was once the largest company in the world. So rather than purely focus on what’s remaining, we decided to use a lens of “then versus now”.   To break down General Electric I am joined by Josh Aguilar, a GE Analyst at Morningstar and enthusiast on all things capital allocation. It’s a theme we revisit throughout the conversation on GE's time as a conglomerate, and its rise and fall. The story of GE has many chapters, the origin dates back to Thomas Edison in 1896 and while GE has long been classified as an industrial business for a very long time – it’s hard to overlook the technological breakthroughs they’ve introduced; the incandescent light bulb, the ex-ray machine, the electric locomotive, and commercial jet engine. The business has had no shortage of historic products. But when Jack Welch took over in 1981 – he implemented a playbook that brought GE much praise over the coming decades, and Josh and I focus our conversation on the end of Welch’s era until the present day.    Now, if you’d like to hear more on the early years of General Electric and particularly Thomas Edison – make sure to check out our newest Colossus teammate David Senra and his podcast Founders. David conveniently dropped a new episode on Edison this week, and after my conversation, you’ll hear a preview of that episode. So stay tuned for that, after my conversation with Josh. Please enjoy this breakdown of General Electric.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   —--   This episode is brought to you by Scribe, the trusted transcription provider for business. Scribe powers call transcription, closed captioning and more with best-in-class accuracy, speed and security. It’s the chosen transcription service for all of S&P Global, including CapIQ Pro, and clients like leading market intelligence platform, Tegus. Scribe accurately transcribes messy, difficult audio including company and product names, currencies, accents and numbers. Challenge us with your hardest audio and see how we stack up! Visit scribefreetrial.com to unlock 150 minutes of free transcription today.    —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss | @ReustleMatt   Show Notes [00:04:05] - [First question] - What GE looks like today compared to its peak [00:07:42] - The reasons why GE lost so much of its power [00:15:14] - How much of their success can be attributed to being propped up by leverage   [00:17:18] - The strategy they’re operating with today and the businesses within GE [00:24:05] - Drivers in the decision to split up their business and end the conglomerate era [00:25:34] - Would they have made disposals if they were operating from a strong position  [00:27:15] - What their capital allocation and free cash flow will look like going forward [00:29:38] - GE’s centralized thought process of the past and their management style now [00:31:14] - Exxon Mobil: An Aging Energy Empire [00:32:23] - Driving factors behind their decision to transition towards green energy [00:34:36] - How the margin profile plays out and competitive dynamics of renewables [00:35:16] - Thoughts about conglomerates and what will work in the future  [00:37:07] - What could lead to GE’s success in the future over the coming years [00:38:56] - How the market values these types of business  [00:39:43] - Main takeaways from his analysis of GE [00:43:52] - Clip from Founders about GE’s founder, Thomas Edison
AMD: How Chips Are Changing - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 73]
07-09-2022
AMD: How Chips Are Changing - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 73]
Today, we’re breaking down a global semiconductor company known as AMD. AMD isn’t the biggest and hasn’t always been the best chip maker in the world. But as cyclical and structural changes take place in the semiconductor industry, AMD serves as a great proxy for what’s going on and why. To break down the details, both behind the company and the industry, I’m joined by Jay Goldberg, a semiconductor industry consultant at D2D Advisory and Partner at Snowcloud Capital. We explore the rise of custom silicon, AMD’s competition with Intel and Nvidia, and whether or not chip making is a good business at all. Please enjoy this breakdown of AMD.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   —--   This episode is brought to you by Kensho Scribe. Scribe powers call transcription, closed captioning and more with best-in-class accuracy, speed and security. It’s the chosen transcription service for all of S&P Global, including CapIQ Pro, and clients like leading market intelligence platform, Tegus. Scribe accurately transcribes messy, difficult audio including company and product names, currencies, accents and numbers. Challenge us with your hardest audio and see how we stack up! Visit scribefreetrial.com to unlock 150 minutes of free transcription today.    —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss | @ReustleMatt   Show Notes [00:02:27] - [First question] - Where to start when it comes to understanding semiconductors  [00:04:21] - Why semiconductors were created in the first place   [00:04:57] - Key milestones and players in the semiconductor industry  [00:07:35] - What are the factors that determine who wins and loses [00:08:37] - The semiconductor industry map today writ large [00:12:05] - How the changing geopolitical landscape affects power in this sector  [00:14:15] - Why we can’t just throw unlimited money at this problem to solve it  [00:15:30] - Whether or not chip businesses are actually defensible and good businesses [00:17:37] - Differences between CPUs and GPUs and how everything we do uses them [00:22:56] - AMD’s history with CPUs and GPUs and how they’ve evolved over time [00:26:55] - Why there is such a high barrier to enter and disrupt the chip design market [00:31:54] - A future where we transition to specific and specialized use-case chips  [00:35:36] - Companies like Google and Apple building their own in-house chips [00:38:55] - Other industries where this dynamic exists outside of semiconductors [00:41:57] - The scope and economics of AMD today  [00:44:26] - What’s important to know about AMD and Intel’s capital allocation strategies [00:47:28] - What he’d focus on if he was the capital allocator for a big chip company [00:48:55] - One major lesson that this industry has taught him about investing [00:50:28] - Major lessons about AMD and the world writ large that isn’t addressed yet
CrowdStrike: Cyber SaaS - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 72]
01-09-2022
CrowdStrike: Cyber SaaS - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 72]
This is Jesse Pujji and today we are breaking down CrowdStrike, the cybersecurity provider. Founded in 2011 by George Kurtz, the former CTO of McAfee, CrowdStrike differentiated from firewalls and anti-malware by building a platform that actively predicts threats rather than blocking attacks that have happened before. Today, CrowdStrike serves over 18,000 customers globally and is valued at $45 billion.   To break down CrowdStrike, I’m joined by Roneal Desai, a senior public market investor focused on enterprise software. In our conversation, we discuss how CrowdStrike reinvented cybersecurity for the cloud era, why the pandemic and remote work drove a paradigm shift in the industry, and how the company helped the DNC identify Russian hackers during the 2016 election. Please enjoy this breakdown of CrowdStrike.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss | @ReustleMatt   Show Notes [00:02:29] - [First question] - Overview of what CrowdStrike is [00:05:28] - The size and scale of CrowdStrike today  [00:07:10] - Customer use-cases before and after CrowdStrike [00:08:45] - What software would have been used prior to CrowdStrike  [00:12:17] - How many customers could there be and who CrowdStrike is taking share from [00:16:41] - What their prior estimates lacked in terms of TAM  [00:17:17] - Whether or not Palo Alto Networks is a true competitor [00:19:33] - The criteria used for deciding which service is better than the other  [00:21:16] - The early days and founding story of CrowdStrike and their structural advantages [00:27:30] - What about COVID opened up an opportunity for CrowdStrike’s growth [00:29:44] - The P&L and the special parts of the business that show up there [00:34:21] - Strategic acquisitions and product expansion [00:39:21] - What’s behind their distinctive growth  [00:40:54] - Other noteworthy aspects of their gross margin and R&D  [00:44:17] - Distinctive aspects of their sales and marketing strategy  [00:50:00] - What their unit economics looks like today [00:52:35] - Key factors that would contribute to the bull case for CrowdStrike in ten years  [00:54:14] - Why a security company would become the integrated layer   [00:55:47] - Biggest risks and threats to CrowdStrike over the next decade   [00:57:41] - Lessons for builders and entrepreneurs   [00:59:05] - Lessons for investors [01:00:09] - Where to go to learn more about CrowdStrike
Atlas Copco: Sweden’s Best Kept Secret - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 71]
24-08-2022
Atlas Copco: Sweden’s Best Kept Secret - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 71]
This is Matt Reustle and today we are breaking down the Swedish industrial giant, Atlas Copco. With a market cap hovering around $50 billion US dollars, Atlas Copco is a dominant player in the air compressor and vacuum pump markets. It has returned 40x over the past 20 years for its shareholders and to break down the business I’m joined by Stephen Paice, Head of European equities at Baillie Gifford. Baillie Gifford has owned this business for 4 decades and Stephen still has the handwritten research notes from the mid-80s so we thought it was a proper fit.    We cover the rich corporate history, including how one family - the Wallenbergs (also referred to as the Swedish Rockefellers) - have played such a major role in the history, we get an overview of pneumatic energy and the importance of the air compressor market, and we explore what makes this corporate culture so noteworthy to both insiders and outsiders. Please enjoy this breakdown of Atlas Copco.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is presented by Visible Alpha. The team at Visible Alpha built a platform to analyze consensus data and financial metrics on over 6,000 public traded companies. Rather than having to dig through models one by one, Visible Alpha extracts data from every line item across sell-side models so you can better understand expectations on metrics beyond just revenue and earnings. Listeners are invited to try Visible Alpha for free by visiting visiblealpha.com/breakdowns.   —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss | @ReustleMatt   Show Notes [00:02:12] - [First question] - What makes Atlas Copco such an interesting business  [00:03:52] - What they’re selling and who they’re typically selling to  [00:06:02] - Whether or not there are alternatives to air compressors [00:07:03] - What a vacuum pump is and how their industrial vacuum business works [00:08:55] - Metrics used to measure how Atlas Copco is a market leader  [00:10:25] - Some of the key milestones of their corporate history leading up to today [00:17:51] - How much the Wallenberg family owns of Atlas Copco today [00:18:48] - Walking through the income statement [00:21:47] - Service regularity and overview of revenue generated through service  [00:25:35] - Cost profile of the business and how their supply chain works [00:30:19] - Anything unique that contributes to their 6-7% revenue growth [00:31:55] - What the consolidated business margin works out to [00:33:23] - TransDigm; Being able to allocate 30-40% of free cash flow towards acquisitions in a fragmented market [00:35:16] - What the bull case for Atlas Copco is [00:39:46] - A metric he typically uses when thinking about these types of businesses  [00:40:47] - The most interesting and surprising takeaways from Atlas Copco
ChargePoint: Leading the EV Charge - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 70]
19-08-2022
ChargePoint: Leading the EV Charge - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 70]
This is Jesse Pujji and today we’re breaking down ChargePoint. ChargePoint is the clear market leader in the United States for electric vehicle chargers. Founded in 2007 by five technical founders, the business has ridden the wave of EV growth and has manufactured some 40% of charging points in the US.    To break down ChargePoint, I’m joined by Mark Tomasovic, a principal at Energize Ventures and a previous guest on our show. We discuss the challenges of a commoditized business, how ChargePoint is leading the EV land grab, and why the US is at a particularly interesting point for EV adoption. Please enjoy this business breakdown of ChargePoint.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss | @ReustleMatt   Show Notes [00:02:16] - [First question] - What ChargePoint is [00:03:26] - Their size, scale and revenue today [00:04:21] - The history of ChargePoint and the EV charging sector  [00:06:25] - How the industry has evolved and important metrics to understand  [00:08:18] - Who the main players are in the EV charging infrastructure layer [00:10:46] - The role auto manufactures play and their relationship with this world [00:12:05] - Tesla’s closed wall network and ChargePoint’s open network [00:13:05] - Competitive advantages in the EV charging landscape [00:15:45] - Whether or not sales and marketing is unique to ChargePoint  [00:16:47] - Other unique arrangements that will unlock the pace of their land grab [00:18:37] - The various lines of P&L and how to think about them [00:19:34] - The three levels of chargers and costs associated with them  [00:21:52] - What goes into their gross profit margins and cost of revenue  [00:22:50] - How their gross margin compares to their competitors [00:23:41] - What they’re trying to accomplish with their high R&D spend [00:24:49] - What they’re investing in and betting on for the future by spending cash [00:25:38] - Expectations of future growth for the next couple of years [00:26:46] - Growth over the long-term trajectory and the car to charger ratio [00:29:14] - Their main flywheels that give them a competitive advantage  [00:30:53] - The big buckets of customer segments and end point leverage [00:32:09] - What the life expectancy of a charger is [00:33:13] - The regulatory environment writ large  [00:34:39] - Bull case for ChargePoint over the next five to ten years  [00:37:36] - Reasons why ChargePoint might not succeed over the next five to ten years  [00:38:58] - Lessons for builders and investors when studying ChargePoint  [00:39:51] - Learn more about ChargePoint; energize.vc
Union Pacific: Long Train Runnin’ - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 69]
10-08-2022
Union Pacific: Long Train Runnin’ - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 69]
This is Dom Cooke and today we are breaking down the freight railroad business, Union Pacific. Union Pacific is interesting for a number of reasons. Its first tracks were laid in a time of horsepower, over 150 years ago. It operates a duopoly in the West of the US with Burlington Northern Santa Fe, a rail owned by Berkshire Hathaway. And despite being capital intensive, it earns higher operating margins than Microsoft. But above all, it is a crucial link in the global supply chain, moving much of what the US economy is built on.    To break down this $140 billion railroad operator, I’m joined by Matt Reustle, the CEO of Colossus and a former transport analyst. Please enjoy this Business Breakdown of Union Pacific Railroad Company.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Scribe. Scribe is the trusted transcription provider for the business and investing community. Scribe is designed to accurately transcribe messy, real-world audio and is unique in that it’s optimized for the complexities of enterprise audio, such as company and product names, currencies, accents and numbers. Visit kensho.com/breakdowns to learn more and unlock your free trial.   —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss | @ReustleMatt   Show Notes [00:03:01] - [First question] - A general overview of the transportation sector [00:05:38] - What a Class 1 railway is and what the railway industry looks like [00:07:40] - Is there cartel-like behavior and collusion between railway companies? [00:12:24] - What a rail network consists of at the unit and asset level [00:17:48] - Whether or not consumer railroads are independent from freight railroads  [00:18:57] - Interchange when goods are transferred from the east coast to the west coast  [00:20:17] - Who Union Pacific’s customers are, what they move, and their business writ large  [00:22:51] - Defining intermodal and its implications for railways   [00:25:35] - The Box; Whether or not all transport volume in 50 years will be intermodal [00:26:37] - How they determine the rate they charge customers   [00:28:41] - Ways that geography impacts what is being transported  [00:31:28] - The income statement and economics of rails through the lens of UNP [00:36:11] - Improving efficiency and ROI while not having to submit to customers  [00:40:12] - How different policies affect railway margin profiles  [00:41:56] - Operating ratios and why they’re the metric most referenced for performance [00:44:38] - The nature of cyclicality and its driving forces  [00:48:15] - Thoughts about capital allocation given being high CapEx and their free cash flow [00:52:27] - How inflation and current events lately positively and negatively affect UNP [00:54:16] - What would make him nervous as an analyst looking at UNP in the years ahead [00:56:33] - Talk or plans to electrify and migrate away from fossil fuels  [00:58:22] - Lessons learned from UNP that could be applied to other industries and investing
LVMH: The Wolf in Cashmere’s Conglomerate - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 68]
03-08-2022
LVMH: The Wolf in Cashmere’s Conglomerate - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 68]
This is Zack Fuss, an investor at Irenic Capital Management. Today we’re breaking down the world’s largest luxury business, LVMH. The LVMH story is deeply reflective of the vision of its 73 year-old founder and architect, Bernard Arnault. Today, the business generates €75 billion in sales across its 75 brands and 3 sector focuses. With a market cap of €350 billion, LVMH is not only the largest luxury business in the world but one of the largest businesses in the entire world.    To break down LVMH, I’m joined by Christian Billinger, the chairman of Billinger Förvaltnings. We discuss the paradox between scarcity and scale in the luxury industry, analyze some of the company’s high profile acquisitions, and delve into the history of this conglomerate’s famous founder. Please enjoy this breakdown of LVMH.     For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Scribe. Scribe is the trusted transcription provider for the business and investing community. Scribe is designed to accurately transcribe messy, real-world audio and is unique in that it’s optimized for the complexities of enterprise audio, such as company and product names, currencies, accents and numbers. Visit kensho.com/breakdowns to learn more and unlock your free trial.   —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss | @ReustleMatt   Show Notes [00:03:30] - [First question] - How LVMH came to be and Bernard Arnault’s history [00:08:56] - Spread of revenue and margins across their various brands [00:13:38] - What it is about their business that has allowed them to achieve such tremendous scale given the scarcity of luxury goods [00:16:06] - Examples of Arnault reinvesting in the business for the long-term [00:17:04] - Ways all of their brands and different verticals work together to create value [00:18:56] - What the general view on success is after Arnault steps down  [00:21:19] - Key factors that allow luxury houses to enjoy handsome returns on capital historically [00:23:17] - What he’s noticed about luxury brands and their ability to redeploy capital  [00:26:25] - How their capital allocation strategy manifests in their financial profile [00:28:24] - The Arnault family’s control over LVMH [00:31:48] - The evolution of the industry in Europe and the strong getting stronger  [00:33:58] - Cultural differences internationally that allow some countries to thrive in luxury brands compared to others like the US [00:36:17] - Thoughts on the influence of the Chinese consumer on European luxury houses [00:40:30] - What has characterized their M&A strategy historically [00:44:08] - Overview of their recent acquisitions and what it means for LVMH going forward [00:47:46] - Their go-to-market strategy to acquire customers and build the brand [00:48:11] - Some of LVMH’s vulnerabilities and risks  [00:50:44] - Key takeaways for investors and operators when studying LVMH’s story
DuPont: Two Centuries of Chemistry - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 67]
27-07-2022
DuPont: Two Centuries of Chemistry - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 67]
This is Matt Reustle and today we are breaking down DuPont. We admire leaders that are in the trenches with their team members; never above any task and willing to share in risks. But, wow, did the Dupont family set a standard in that category. Whether it was Pierre Samuel Du Pont's 1818 death fighting a fire at their powder mill, Alexis Du Pont’s 1857 death in an explosion at a powder yard, or Lammot Du Pont’s famous 1884 death in an explosion while experimenting with nitroglycerines. The Du Pont family pushed the limits.   In the 1900s the company evolved away from their roots in gunpowder and dynamite and it's hard to find an industry they haven’t touched since then. To break down DuPont, we are joined by Seth Goldstein from Morningstar. Seth covers what separates commodity chemicals from specialty chemicals, we get some quick chemistry lessons on what's happening to create these well-known products like Nylon and Tyvek, and why after all of the years as a behemoth in the industry, DuPont has "unbundled" into several independent companies. Please enjoy our Breakdown of DuPont.    For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Scribe. Scribe is the trusted transcription provider for the business and investing community. Scribe is designed to accurately transcribe messy, real-world audio and is unique in that it’s optimized for the complexities of enterprise audio, such as company and product names, currencies, accents and numbers. Visit kensho.com/breakdowns to learn more and unlock your free trial.   —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss | @ReustleMatt   Show Notes [00:03:38] - [First question] - Key products that define Dupont’s history and where their products show up in our everyday lives [00:06:23] - The science that goes into developing their products and what being a speciality chemicals business looks like [00:08:22] - Where they’re sourcing commodity chemicals from  [00:10:30] - The thought process that went into their merger with Dow in December 2015 [00:13:21] - Commodity chemicals versus speciality chemicals [00:16:01] - The importance of patents and early products that first had them [00:17:38] - How much effort is put into research and development today [00:19:47] - Their economic model and profile and current businesses [00:23:56] - How their EBITDA margins today compare to the business historically [00:25:27] - Overview and duration of their merger supply agreements [00:26:23] - The seasonality and customer base for a business like this [00:27:52] - Producing on a per-order basis or on market speculation [00:30:04] - How many of their chemicals are produced in their own manufacturing facilities [00:31:00] - Stability and internal investment of their cash flow cycle [00:32:28] - History of the Dupont family and key leadership changes [00:34:24] - Thoughts on the bull case for Dupont that will put them back on the pedestal  [00:36:28] - The percentage of the market they represent today and their current competitors [00:37:56] - Metrics used when valuing commodity and speciality chemical businesses [00:40:03] - Prior regulatory fines and potential risks going forward [00:46:44] - Key lessons for operators and investors from Dupont’s story
Charles Schwab: The 8 Trillion Dollar Gorilla - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 66]
20-07-2022
Charles Schwab: The 8 Trillion Dollar Gorilla - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 66]
This is Matt Reustle and today we are breaking down the financial institution known as Charles Schwab. Schwab is a financial behemoth. They report over $8 trillion in assets under custody and a market cap scratching $120 billion but I think the most fascinating part about this breakdown is the strategic pivot taken by Schwab. While the online brokerage market has been decimated in recent years from fee compression, Schwab has been pivoting their business model to that of a traditional bank. Now what does that mean? Today, Schwab makes the majority of their money earning interest on customer cash deposits.    To break down Schwab, I am joined by Holland Advisors’ Founder and Portfolio Manager, Andrew Hollingworth. Andrew has written extensively on Schwab, which we link to in our show notes. We cover what it means to operate as a bank vs online broker, how Charles Schwab himself grew this business out of a newsletter, and what’s on the horizon for Schwab in the future. We hope you enjoy this breakdown of Charles Schwab.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Scribe. Scribe is the trusted transcription provider for the business and investing community. Scribe is designed to accurately transcribe messy, real-world audio and is unique in that it’s optimized for the complexities of enterprise audio, such as company and product names, currencies, accents and numbers. Visit kensho.com/breakdowns to learn more and unlock your free trial.   —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss | @ReustleMatt   Show Notes [00:03:30] - [First question] - Why Schwab isn’t well understood by the market  [00:05:18] - The story of Charles Schwab and how active he is in the company  [00:08:13] - The business model of Schwab itself; Holland Advisors Research [00:12:51] - Can it be compared to a franchise model; Another Flywheel [00:15:46] - What did they see in the space that convinced them to shift their business model [00:18:19] - How Schwab benefits from their customers keeping money in cash [00:20:18] - What stops competitors from copying the Schwab model [00:23:12] - Where Schwab stands out with cash on the balance sheet [00:24:17] - The reasoning behind the TD Ameritrade acquisition [00:30:38] - The Schwab customer base  [00:33:28] - Convincing new customers to transfer their accounts to Schwab [00:37:14] - How their market share has changed over the years [00:38:50] - Building their balance sheet  [00:46:34] - How their acquisition of TD Ameritrade helps their balance sheet [00:49:50] - Valuing a complex business like Schwab [00:56:43] - Key drivers of their earnings growth  [00:58:31] - How they use their net interest margin  [01:00:43] - What the market pullback this year has meant for Schwab [01:03:43] - Major lessons learned from analyzing Schwab
Rolex: Timeless Excellence - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 65]
15-07-2022
Rolex: Timeless Excellence - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 65]
Today, we’re breaking down one of the strongest brands in the world - Rolex. Founded in the UK in 1905 under the name Wilsdorf & Davis, Rolex has become the leading name in luxury watches. But, while the company’s products are iconic, the business itself is highly secretive. Owned by a Foundation and run as a non-profit entity, little is known about Rolex.   To unlock the secrets, we are delighted to be joined by Ben Clymer, founder of HODINKEE, and an expert on all things luxury watches. Ben has had rare access to Rolex and the people behind the manufacturer, making him the perfect person to dissect this business with us. Please enjoy this excellent Breakdown of Rolex.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Scribe. Scribe is the trusted transcription provider for the business and investing community. Scribe is designed to accurately transcribe messy, real-world audio and is unique in that it’s optimized for the complexities of enterprise audio, such as company and product names, currencies, accents and numbers. Visit kensho.com/breakdowns to learn more and unlock your free trial.   —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss   Show Notes [00:03:01] - [First question] - Ben's favorite Rolex watch ever; Ben's Inside Rolex piece [00:04:24] - What makes the Rolex Daytona such a special watch  [00:07:19] - The job-to-be-done for high-end watches beyond just telling them the time [00:12:18] - The strategy behind marketing luxury products; The Luxury Strategy [00:14:34] - An overview of Rolex's business [00:19:38] - The history of Rolex  [00:38:45] - Their genius in marketing and distribution  [00:41:55] - How they make decisions and what others can learn from them [00:47:14] - The financials of Rolex and other luxury watch brands [00:49:02} - Most important business lessons others can learn from Rolex [00:52:54] - Other luxury brands worth studying  [00:57:26] - What Rolex hasn't gotten right
Dino Polska: Serving Small-Town Poland - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 64]
06-07-2022
Dino Polska: Serving Small-Town Poland - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 64]
This is Matt Reustle and today we are breaking down Polish grocer, Dino Polska. This wasn't a name on our radar at Colossus but the more we dug into the story, the more intrigued we became. It starts at the macro level in Poland, a country that transitioned away from communism in 1990 so the oldest private businesses are just north of 30 years old. And on a micro level, Dino operates a rigid playbook where they target small towns and replicate the same format store, which drives better efficiency and allows them to reinvest into new locations.   To break down Dino I am joined by Jon Cukierwar of Sohra Peak Capital Partners. Jon wrote an extensive presentation of Dino which can be found on our website. We break down the unique dynamics of the Polish consumer, how Dino differentiates from its competitors, and Dino's founder of mystery Tomasz Biernacki. Please enjoy this breakdown of Dino Polska.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Scribe. Scribe is the trusted transcription provider for the business and investing community. Scribe is designed to accurately transcribe messy, real-world audio and is unique in that it’s optimized for the complexities of enterprise audio, such as company and product names, currencies, accents and numbers. Visit kensho.com/breakdowns to learn more and unlock your free trial.   —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss   Show Notes [00:03:21] - [First question] - The fall of communism in the 1990s and how it shaped the business landscape of Poland today  [00:05:43] - Dino’s unique and differentiating characteristics as a grocery store  [00:08:55] - The current market landscape of superstores, proximity, and mom and pop grocers in Poland  [00:12:36] - The size and scale of Dino as a business today   [00:14:01] - Key players and main events in Dino’s history [00:20:03] - Where Dino’s margins fall relative to their competitors [00:22:47] - Their relationship to the construction side of their business [00:26:34] - The payback period of a new Dino store and how long until they reach maturity [00:29:09] - Owned land and other factors in their real estate strategy [00:31:10] - How much of their accessible market opportunity has been seized and their potential growth rate over the coming years [00:34:20] - What their growth rate would have to be to ensure they reach their projected scale [00:36:23] - How he values grocers as an investor in both Poland and the US [00:38:12] - Cyclicality in revenue streams and what impacts them [00:40:26] - Ways Dino finances their growth and if any capital has been given back to shareholders in dividends [00:42:13] - Potential risks and threats to their business [00:45:10] - How he grew and built conviction with risks in an emerging market [00:47:48] - The main lessons he’s learned from studying Dino Polska
Berkshire Hathaway: The Incomparable Compounder - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 63]
29-06-2022
Berkshire Hathaway: The Incomparable Compounder - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 63]
Today’s business needs little introduction. Berkshire Hathaway is one of the largest businesses in the world and run by arguably the most famous investors of our time, Warren Buffett and Charlie Munger.  To break down the business, I’m joined by Chris Bloomstran. Chris is the President and CIO of Semper Augustus and has gone as deep on Berkshire as anyone I’ve ever encountered, making him the perfect person to do this with. Given the reams of excellent content already out there about Buffett and Berkshire, we focused our conversation on the specific elements that make this business so special. Please enjoy this breakdown of Berkshire Hathaway.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is presented by Visible Alpha. The team at Visible Alpha built a platform to analyze consensus data and financial metrics on over 6,000 publicly traded companies. Rather than having to dig through models one by one, Visible Alpha extracts data from every line item across sell-side models so you can better understand expectations on metrics beyond just revenue and earnings. Listeners are invited to try Visible Alpha for free by visiting visiblealpha.com/breakdowns   -----   This episode is brought to you by Daloopa. Daloopa streamlines a major pain point for investors. By capturing all of a company's KPIs and adjusted financials into their database - Daloopa makes it easy to quickly update your models for what matters. Daloopa uses AI to find every KPI disclosed - from charts, to text, and even from footnotes of investor presentations. Daloopa updates these KPIs and data points in your existing Excel models in one click, regardless of your source or format. Test Daloopa for free at daloopa.com/Patrick.   —--   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss   Show Notes [00:02:26] - [First question] - What Berkshire has taught the world about float [00:14:00] - How much of Berkshire's success was predicated on insurance  [00:23:17] - Whether or not Berkshire’s capital source has been more important than stock selection  [00:30:04] - Why there’s such a disparity between good stock pickers and holding companies [00:36:24] - What the major signposts of durability are when evaluating companies [00:38:29] - Acquiring Alleghany and using that as a case study that reflects their values [00:47:22] - The role that energy has played in Berkshire’s growth  [00:59:54] - Thoughts about the major pieces of Berkshire and the future of the company  [01:05:46] - Important lessons learned about investing and business from Berkshire’s story
Shopify: Tokengated Commerce - [Web3 Breakdowns, EP.28]
27-06-2022
Shopify: Tokengated Commerce - [Web3 Breakdowns, EP.28]
Today we are running a special episode in our Business Breakdowns feed. My guest is Alex Danco from Shopify - who you may remember from our Business Breakdown on Shopify in 2021. Our conversation focuses on a new concept, tokengated commerce, and how Shopify is building around this theme. Given the market turmoil in crypto assets, we talk about true use cases of tokengated commerce and why blockchain technology is unlocking something that was not possible otherwise. This episode originally ran in our Web3 Breakdowns feed and represents an interesting case study of corporations embracing blockchain technology. Please enjoy my conversation with Alex Danco.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Coinbase Prime. Coinbase Prime combines advanced trading, battle-tested custody, financing, and prime services in a single solution. Clients have used our comprehensive investing platform to execute some of the largest trades in the industry because they are the only publicly-traded company with experience trading and custodying crypto assets at scale. Get started with Coinbase Prime today at coinbase.com/prime.   -----   Web3 Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Web3 Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @Web3Breakdowns | @ericgoldenx | @patrick_oshag    Show Notes [00:02:16] - [First question] - What Shopify itself is as an ecosystem and service [00:05:14] - An example of interoperability and the power of platforms outside of Shopify  [00:07:02] - How interoperability and platforms come together [00:12:08] - Where a a constraint-standard resulted in failure  [00:14:26] - Why Shopify is so heavily invested in tokengated commerce [00:17:10] - Lessons learned about the scarcity function of tokens and how they’ll work [00:20:34] - Whether or not Shopify will be building their own crypto wallet   [00:24:48] - The important role blockchains play in tokengated economics [00:28:16] - Overview of the mechanics and offering Shopify is building  [00:32:16] - Tokens help establish protocol adoption [00:34:27] - Which blockchains and protocols will be mostly used in Shopify’s endeavor   [00:36:33] - Why can’t it be key-gated instead of tokengated [00:39:00] - Conjuring demand and how Shopify will create demand for their new system [00:45:46] - The differences between someone's identity and a token holder [00:47:55] - Signals that suggest tokengated commerce will be a big thing  [00:51:02] - Why this concept hasn’t been more widely adopted already [00:54:39] - When there will be a solution to easily create and distribute tokens [00:56:39] - Where things will go from here  [00:59:35] - Reasons why this might not have taken off in five years
Gogo: Internet for Private Jets - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 62]
22-06-2022
Gogo: Internet for Private Jets - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 62]
I am @Compound248 and this is the next installment in our Business Breakdowns mini-series focused on Digital Infrastructure, where we are breaking down a handful of companies that are key players in the digital infrastructure asset class.    In this episode, we will talk about a company that delivers that airbourne experience, Gogo. Known for its eponymous inflight WiFi service, Gogo is frequently misunderstood, having undergone a transformation to focus purely on the business, or private, aviation industry. It sells equipment that gets installed on a private aviation airplane, and then, in infrastructure like fashion, monetizes that equipment with high margin service revenue for decades. We’re fortunate to be joined by Oak Thorne, who has led Gogo for 20 years into the success it is today.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is presented by Visible Alpha. The team at Visible Alpha built a platform to analyze consensus data and financial metrics on over 6,000 publicly traded companies. Rather than having to dig through models one by one, Visible Alpha extracts data from every line item across sell-side models so you can better understand expectations on metrics beyond just revenue and earnings. Listeners are invited to try Visible Alpha for free by visiting visiblealpha.com/breakdowns   -----   This episode is brought to you by Daloopa. Daloopa streamlines a major pain point for investors. By capturing all of a company's KPIs and adjusted financials into their database - Daloopa makes it easy to quickly update your models for what matters. Daloopa uses AI to find every KPI disclosed - from charts, to text, and even from footnotes of investor presentations. Daloopa updates these KPIs and data points in your existing Excel models in one click, regardless of your source or format. Test Daloopa for free at daloopa.com/Patrick.   —--   This episode is brought to you in partnership with Roundhill Investments, the advisor to the Roundhill IO Digital Infrastructure ETF – BYTE - which trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol BYTE. The fund tracks the BYTE Index, which measures the performance of 40 leading global digital infrastructure businesses, such as towers and mobile communications, fiber and fixed line connectivity, and data centers. For a prospectus and more information, please visit roundhillinvestments.com/etf/byte.   -----   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss   Show Notes [00:04:02] - [First question] - Gogo’s history and how his history intersects with it [00:08:03] - His background and what lead him to joining Gogo  [00:10:01] - A primary focus on US airlines and high-end air travel specifically [00:11:37] - 30% market penetration of potential WiFi signal outfitted aircraft [00:12:33] - What the competitive landscape looks like today and how many planes they have [00:14:15] - Whether the formerly unaddressable planes will make their way into their fleet  [00:16:04] - Their product offerings today and the differences between them  [00:19:26] - Overview of their business economics and their digital infrastructure  [00:21:31] - Unit economics and labor and install costs [00:23:44] - How much more traffic their existing network could handle   [00:24:17] - CapEx, service revenue, and a projected 20% system growth  [00:25:55] - Cost structure margin on their recurring service revenue  [00:26:36] - Where they are in building out their 5G network [00:27:25] - Momentum of business growth year-over-year [00:28:29] - How the ATG network actually works and how the 5G connection improves it  [00:30:44] - What portion of their business comes from aftermarket installations [00:32:18] - Competitive nature of this sector and if someone could come after Gogo [00:35:23] - Speed differentials between their varying network offerings   [00:36:48] - Price differences with competitors and the strength of their dealer network  [00:38:19] - Expensive alternatives and the customer experience of GeoSatellite services  [00:40:42] - Describing the differences between GeoSatellite and Elon’s Starlink [00:46:19] - Reasons why Starlink might become a competitor [00:48:56] - How Gogo’s 5G and global broadband product are offensive and defensive  [00:51:24] - Portion of new US delivery aviation planes built with in-flight WiFi solutions [00:53:39] - Plans to become a free cash flow generating machine  [00:55:01] - How long he anticipates this growth runway to continue  [00:56:27] - Potential risks to Gogo from a legal and regulatory perspective  [00:57:33] - Legal allegations from SmartSky and using the unlicensed spectrum [00:59:50] - Cyclicality of their clients and suspended business periods   [01:02:18] - Their channels and customer concentration  [01:03:17] - Minority shareholders and their long term vision  [01:04:57] - Two key lessons for others attempting to build and lead a company
Diploma: Specialized Distribution - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 61]
15-06-2022
Diploma: Specialized Distribution - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 61]
This is Matt Reustle and today we’re breaking down Diploma. Diploma is a specialist distributor of medical equipment and industrial components listed in the UK. It’s a business you’re unlikely to be familiar with and, at first glance, may appear mundane. But dig a little deeper and you’ll find a high-quality operator generating significant free cash flow through a mix of organic and inorganic growth channels.  To break down Diploma, I’m joined by Charlie Huggins, an investor in the business and Head of Equities at WealthClub.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is presented by Visible Alpha. The team at Visible Alpha built a platform to analyze consensus data and financial metrics on over 6,000 publicly traded companies. Rather than having to dig through models one by one, Visible Alpha extracts data from every line item across sell-side models so you can better understand expectations on metrics beyond just revenue and earnings. Listeners are invited to try Visible Alpha for free by visiting visiblealpha.com/breakdowns   -----   This episode is brought to you by Daloopa. Daloopa streamlines a major pain point for investors. By capturing all of a company's KPIs and adjusted financials into their database - Daloopa makes it easy to quickly update your models for what matters. Daloopa uses AI to find every KPI disclosed - from charts, to text, and even from footnotes of investor presentations. Daloopa updates these KPIs and data points in your existing Excel models in one click, regardless of your source or format. Test Daloopa for free at daloopa.com/Patrick.   -----   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @bizbreakdowns | @JoinColossus    Show Notes [00:02:23] - [First question] - The history of Diploma, what they do, and what’s attractive about their business model [00:04:39] - Size and scale of the business and their market capitalization [00:07:03] - Overview of what their life sciences business vertical looks like [00:10:00] - The cyclicality of the seals and controls business verticals  [00:13:45] - Returns on invested capital and thoughts on the capital intensity of seals [00:15:06] - What allows their businesses to keep growing and what characterizes a strong acquisition target for Diploma [00:19:14] - An example of how Diploma fits into the value chain [00:21:24] - How Diploma acquires for low multiples when making acquisitions  [00:23:41] - How they drive quantitative and qualitative returns in their acquisitions [00:27:35] - What management is like at Diploma and their longevity in the business [00:33:19] - Overview of their competitive landscape  [00:35:27] - What the business does with extra cash flow in the absence of M&A activity [00:38:01] - What Charlie finds special about Diploma and what has him excited for the future [00:41:22] - The key risks in each vertical and what worries him about them  [00:48:07] - Lessons for investors, business executives and operators from the Diploma story
PGA Tour: Playing Under Pressure - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 60]
08-06-2022
PGA Tour: Playing Under Pressure - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 60]
This is Dom Cooke and today we are breaking down the PGA Tour. Alongside the four standalone majors, the PGA Tour is the pinnacle of professional golf. It’s where the best players in the world earn their living and tee it up for their place in golfing history. To break down the business behind the stars and action you see on the PGA Tour, I’m joined by Neil Schuster, co-founder of golf media business No Laying Up. Editor’s note: this conversation was recorded before the field for this week’s inaugural LIV golf invitational event was announced. For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is presented by Visible Alpha. The team at Visible Alpha built a platform to analyze consensus data and financial metrics on over 6,000 publicly traded companies. Rather than having to dig through models one by one, Visible Alpha extracts data from every line item across sell-side models so you can better understand expectations on metrics beyond just revenue and earnings. Listeners are invited to try Visible Alpha for free by visiting visiblealpha.com/breakdowns   -----   This episode is brought to you by Scribe. Scribe is the trusted transcription provider for the business and investing community. Scribe is designed to accurately transcribe messy, real-world audio and is unique in that it’s optimized for the complexities of enterprise audio, such as company and product names, currencies, accents and numbers. Visit kensho.com/breakdowns to learn more and unlock your free trial.   -----   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss   Show Notes [00:02:27] - [First question] - What the PGA Tour is, it’s size today, and how it generates revenue [00:06:04] - Defining what the Tiger Tax is and its implications  [00:08:04] - When the PGA Tour was founded and the key moments leading up to today [00:15:40] - Deane Beman: Golf’s Driving Force; Changing the format of the Tour into a non-profit  [00:17:24] - Being a member run organization and player influence over the board [00:18:23] - Overview of the business structure and model of the PGA Tour  [00:22:27] - Reasons for the 72 hole stroke-play format   [00:24:43] - The distribution of over a billion dollars of revenue [00:27:59] - Why their capital allocation is unique and their incentive programs [00:31:37] - Unique pension structures of their deferred compensation plan [00:34:30] - The Champions Tour as a secondary way to make a living after the PGA tour [00:36:07] - Rival SGL and PGL tours and how they are trying to disrupt the PGA tour [00:44:42] - Having a legacy name advantage to bring players and capital in  [00:47:47] - Relying on growing viewership, ratings, and new sponsors over time [00:52:48] - Paths to becoming a more successful tour amidst the new startup tours [00:55:07] - Netflix’s partnership with the PGA Tour to try and bring in new viewers [00:56:54] - The most surprising lessons about the PGA Tour he’s learned
Anduril: Building the Future of Defense - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 59]
25-05-2022
Anduril: Building the Future of Defense - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 59]
Today, we are breaking down Anduril. Anduril builds high tech defense systems for the US Department of Defense and its allies. Crucially, it does so with speed that emanates from Silicon Valley. Founded in 2017 by Palmer Luckey, who previously built and sold Oculus to Facebook, Anduril has achieved the rare feat of challenging the established order in the defense industry.   To break down Anduril, I’m joined by the company’s CEO and co-founder, Brian Schimpf. We discuss the history of the defense industry, how Anduril’s business is counter positioned against the legacy cost-plus model, and what Brian has learned about selling to the DoD. Please enjoy this breakdown of Anduril.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to mentioned content, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Daloopa. Daloopa streamlines a major pain point for investors. By capturing all of a company's KPIs and adjusted financials into their database - Daloopa makes it easy to quickly update your models for what matters. Daloopa uses AI to find every KPI disclosed - from charts, to text, and even from footnotes of investor presentations. Daloopa updates these KPIs and data points in your existing Excel models in one click, regardless of your source or format. Test Daloopa for free at daloopa.com/Patrick.   -----   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss   Show Notes [00:02:52] - [First question] - The history of defense technology and the technological and competitive landscape when he set out to build Anduril [00:08:22] - What the early experience was like when approaching the government and finding an early adopter [00:12:44] - Necessity being the mother of invention when it came to developing drones [00:16:37] - What it’s like to develop hardware and software products at the same time  [00:20:26] - How the defense business complex works economically and overview of the detailed cost plus model [00:24:44] - The state of military technology and military conflict today writ large [00:31:10] - Are we heading to a future where warfare is mostly machine against machine?  [00:33:34] - Comparing the ghost drone system to predator drones [00:38:40] - Guiding principles as a firm and deciding on their product roadmap [00:43:25] - An overview of their product lineup and what they’ve built so far  [00:48:13] - Having an open innovation policy to promote competition [00:49:37] - The nuance of politics when it comes to building and running their business [00:51:56] - Most difficult decisions he’s had to make through Anduril’s history  [00:53:51] - How he overcame Anduril’s lowest points and biggest challenges  [00:58:38] - Thoughts on effectively compounding hardware innovation  [01:02:23] - A moment he’s most proud of and regrets most in Anduril’s history [01:04:20] - Lessons learned from observing Palantir and SpaceX  [01:08:37] - The kindest thing anyone has ever done for him
Goldman Sachs: Fortune Favors the Old - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 58]
19-05-2022
Goldman Sachs: Fortune Favors the Old - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 58]
This is Matt Reustle and today we are breaking down the 150 year-old investment bank – Goldman Sachs. From the outside, investment banks like Goldman are black boxes of profits and the embodiment of “Wall Street”. But as with most things, the reality sits somewhere between the polarizing designations. Goldman is neither a vampire squid nor are they doing God’s work.   To break down Goldman, I am joined by longtime financials analyst Marc Rubinstein. For loyal listeners, you will remember Marc from our popular episode on Blackstone. For those who haven’t listened, I think you’ll enjoy that one in tandem with this.    Having personally worked at Goldman for a decade it was great to go through the inner workings of a bank with Marc. We cover what it means to sit at the center of the capital system – and the various ways a bank facilitates risk management and risk transfer. We cover the DNA of bank profitability as we go through the core segments of a bank: asset management, sales & trading, and investment banking. And we talk about culture – the mystery and the prestige that has followed Goldman since its days as a private partnership. I learned a ton through this conversation, and I think you will too. Please enjoy this breakdown of Goldman Sachs.   For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Daloopa. Daloopa streamlines a major pain point for investors. By capturing all of a company's KPIs and adjusted financials into their database - Daloopa makes it easy to quickly update your models for what matters. Daloopa uses AI to find every KPI disclosed - from charts, to text, and even from footnotes of investor presentations. Daloopa updates these KPIs and data points in your existing Excel models in one click, regardless of your source or format. Test Daloopa for free at daloopa.com/Patrick.   -----   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss   Show Notes [00:03:24] - [First question] - Blackstone: Beyond Buyouts; What an investment bank is, what they do, and how they make their money [00:06:48] - Matt Taibbi’s Rolling Stone article; Why Goldman is perceived as the industry villain [00:10:34] - The scale of Goldman today and how it looked fifteen years ago in light of the financial crisis [00:13:55] - Industry size that Goldman operates in and their growth factors  [00:14:58] - How investment banking deals result in profits for Goldman and their ties to macro environments  [00:17:38] - Generating revenue and bottom line dollars in sales and trading as a market maker [00:21:01] - Margin differences between investment banking and trading  [00:23:52] - Asset management and profits generated from supervising over a trillion dollars in assets [00:26:30] - How investors value banks as a whole and the metrics and multiples used [00:29:35] - The differences between varying levels of assets and how a bank’s balance sheet looks like today compared to the past [00:34:40] - Whether or not there’s a way to quantify the differences of leverage and stepping into the consumer space [00:39:02] - The leadership at Goldman over the years and what David Solomon brings to the table [00:44:31] - Goldman’s outlook, the bull case and key drivers for success in the future [00:49:34] - Build versus Buy versus Partner; other potential competitors and risks to Goldman  [00:51:32] - Thoughts on the strength of their core business and classifying them [00:54:53] - Lessons for investors when studying Goldman’s story and what he’s changed his mind to as he’s worked in this industry for so long
Baytex Energy: The Business of Oil & Gas - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 57]
04-05-2022
Baytex Energy: The Business of Oil & Gas - [Business Breakdowns, EP. 57]
This is Matt Reustle and today we’re breaking down Baytex Energy. With oil prices hovering over $100 a barrel, we thought it was a particularly good time to revisit this sector.    Why Baytex Energy? The 80,000 barrel a day producer certainly isn’t a household name. And with a market cap just north of $3 billion, it’s far from a mega-cap. But Baytex has production in five different operating areas spanning across the US and Canada. Some of those fields are mature, some are emerging. The company has been allocating cash flow between unconventional wells, conventional wells, and debt reduction in recent years. When you take Baytex and everything that’s happening within that business, it offers a perfect lens to view the historically boom and bust industry of oil production.    To help break down Baytex, I’m joined by oil and gas investor, Josh Young, of Bison Interests. We cover how producers fit into the broader energy ecosystem, the differences between unconventional shale wells versus conventional wells, and how management teams think about capital allocation. Please enjoy this conversation on Baytex Energy.    For the full show notes, transcript, and links to the best content to learn more, check out the episode page here.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Tegus. Tegus is the new digital hub for market intelligence. The Tegus platform empowers Investors and Corporate Development teams to invest smarter by pairing best-in-class technology with the highest quality user-generated content and data. Find out why a majority of the top firms are using Tegus on a daily basis. If you're ready to go deeper on any company and you appreciate the value of primary research, head to tegus.co/breakdowns for a free trial.   -----   This episode is brought to you by Daloopa. Daloopa streamlines a major pain point for investors. By capturing all of a company's KPIs and adjusted financials into their database - Daloopa makes it easy to quickly update your models for what matters. Daloopa uses AI to find every KPI disclosed - from charts, to text, and even from footnotes of investor presentations. Daloopa updates these KPIs and data points in your existing Excel models in one click, regardless of your source or format. Try Daloopa for free at daloopa.com/Patrick.   -----   Business Breakdowns is a property of Colossus, LLC. For more episodes of Business Breakdowns, visit joincolossus.com/episodes.   Stay up to date on all our podcasts by signing up to Colossus Weekly, our quick dive every Sunday highlighting the top business and investing concepts from our podcasts and the best of what we read that week. Sign up here.   Follow us on Twitter: @JoinColossus | @patrick_oshag | @jspujji | @zbfuss   Show Notes [00:03:19] - [First question] - The journey of producing a barrel of oil and how Baytex fits into the oil production ecosystem [00:05:29] - How $100 is dispersed amongst the value chain when a barrel of oil is purchased [00:08:03] - A broad overview of Baytex today and its history [00:13:05] - The production of a barrel of shale oil and unique characteristics of shale [00:16:25] - The main drivers of increased productivity and optimization in oil production [00:19:11] - What breaking even looks like today on a barrel of oil [00:23:20] - Describing the decline rate of a shale well compared to conventional plays  [00:25:22] - Overview of the differences of oil blends and quality coming out of Texas versus Canada [00:29:14] - Where the US still imports oil outside of Canada  [00:30:51] - A snapshot of what Baytex’s Canadian operations look like [00:35:38] - The other major Canadian assets Baytex has  [00:38:28] - The heavy oil decline rate of Canadian oil wells compared to US shale wells [00:39:59] - What makes Clearwater such an exciting and interesting opportunity for Baytex [00:43:30] - Identifying where oil might be and what that process looks like [00:47:02] - His process as an investor in evaluating new projects like Clearwater [00:56:00] - How to ascribe value to a project like Duvernay compared to Clearwater [01:00:05] - Baytex’s approach to hedging and how it differs from the rest of the industry [01:02:15] - How the management team at Baytex manages capital allocation [01:05:33] - Why return capital to shareholders  [01:07:41] - Metrics he uses to value an oil production company or adjacent business [01:11:19] - Rules of thumb to consider when it comes to evaluating the asset base [01:14:05] - Main risks that could drive stock underperformance [01:16:38] - Lessons and takeaways from his time investing and working with Baytex