Why We Do What We Do

Abraham

We explain popular and weird, little-known ideas in psychology. Whether you are a little curious about psychology, or a student, or even a professional, we have something for everyone.

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ScienceScience

Episodes

The Disease Model of Addiction
6d ago
The Disease Model of Addiction
The disease model of addiction is a popular philosophical approach to dependency. The idea is to remove fault and blame from the addicted individual. Further, there are a lot of parallels between addiction and illness. However, there are some drawbacks to conceptualizing addiction as a disease. We talk through the benefits and our reservations about using the disease framework for understanding disease. RecommendationsAbraham: Cutco Knives (https://www.cutco.com/)Shane: Godzilla x Kong: New Empire (https://www.imdb.com/title/tt14539740/)Links and References: https://www.hazeldenbettyford.org/research-studies/addiction-research/brain-disease-modelhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5672554/https://drugfree.org/article/is-addiction-a-disease/#:~:text=The%20disease%20model%20of%20addiction,-Addiction%20is%20defined&text=These%20include%20behavioral%2C%20psychological%2C%20environmental,developing%20a%20substance%20use%20disorder.https://www.americanbrainfoundation.org/diseases/#:~:text=Brain%20disease%20affects%20millions%20worldwide,traumatic%20brain%20injury%2C%20and%20more.https://www.cbhic.com/post/what-are-the-three-major-models-of-addictionhttps://www.futurelearn.com/info/courses/understanding-addiction/0/steps/245163#:~:text=The%20common%20core%20assumptions%20of,is%20the%20defining%20observable%20pathology.https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/disease-model#:~:text=While%20the%20disease%20model%20was,formalized%20largely%20in%20the%201980s.Become a supporter of this podcast: https://www.spreaker.com/podcast/why-we-do-what-we-do--3419521/support.
Alcoholics Anonymous
Apr 3 2024
Alcoholics Anonymous
Alcohol dependency is a complicated condition that has killed a staggering number of people. Fortinuately, many people have banded together to support one another through behavior changes to reinvent their life without this dependency. One such program truly dominates the known landscape of addiction interventions: Alcoholics Anonymous. Yet, the effectiveness of the AA program and the "active ingredient" in its method have remained shrouded in ambiguity for nearly a century. Recent scientific research has finally begun to reveal the evidence around Alcoholics Anonymous as an intervention for dependency. RecommendationsAbraham: The Creator (https://www.20thcenturystudios.com/movies/the-creator) John David Washington, Gemma Chan, Ken Watanabe, Sturgill Simpson, Madeleine Yuna Voyles, Allison JanneyShane: Ghostbusters - Frozen Empire (https://www.imdb.com/title/tt21235248/) Links and Referenes: https://doi.org/10.1080/j.1440-1614.2005.01600.xhttps://doi.org/10.15288/jsa.1996.57.65https://doi.org/10.1080/10550880902772464https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2007.07.014https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD005032.pub2https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/04/the-irrationality-of-alcoholics-anonymous/386255/10.1007/978-1-4899-1678-5_3https://www.avenuesrecovery.com/blog/why-aa-is-harmful/https://www.practicalrecovery.com/aas-dominance-in-the-us-is-harmful/https://www.sanctuary.net/blog/whats-wrong-with-alcoholics-anonymous/https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2015/03/26/395310213/critic-faults-alcoholics-anonymous-for-lack-of-evidencehttps://sciencebasedmedicine.org/aa-is-faith-based-not-evidence-based/https://www.sossobriety.org/https://alcohol.org/alcoholics-anonymous/alternatives-to-the-aa-approach/https://www.verywellmind.com/secular-alcohol-and-drug-rehab-programs-67702https://www.aa.org/twelve-steps-twelve-traditionshttps://recoveryfirst.org/alcohol-abuse/how-does-a-a-work/https://www.discovermagazine.com/health/how-effective-is-alcoholics-anonymoushttps://theconversation.com/does-alcoholics-anonymous-actually-work-179665https://science.howstuffworks.com/life/inside-the-mind/human-brain/alcoholism7.htm?srch_tag=nsfk6pbgbpwfrd2thlmtrzgl5tu35jsohttps://people.howstuffworks.com/serenity-prayer.htm?srch_tag=nsfk6pbgbpwfrd2thlmtrzgl5tu35jsohttps://www.columbusrecoverycenter.com/alcohol-addiction/history-of-aa/https://youtu.be/aZIDCMbJZ-g?si=VLIxyoxZ1ToVILZIBecome a supporter of this podcast: https://www.spreaker.com/podcast/why-we-do-what-we-do--3419521/support.
Addiction: The Beginning
Mar 27 2024
Addiction: The Beginning
Most people are only one or two nodes away from someone who has struggled with some sort of addiction, or may struggle themselves. But what is this phenomenon? The definition has been tricky to pin down because addiction can span chemicals to behaviors, can go undetected or be overt, and can have seemingly creep up out of nowhere. But what all addiction has in common is harm to the user. We are embarking on an odyssey of episodes to explore the many facets of addiction from philosophy to intervention. Today is just the beginning. If you are somone you know is struggling with suicide or crisis, call 988. RecommendationsAbraham: Five Nights at Freddy’s (https://www.fivenightsatfreddys.movie/) Shane: Chamblin Bookmine (https://www.chamblinbookmine.com/)Links and References: https://www.asam.org/quality-care/definition-of-addictionhttps://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/addictionhttps://dictionary.apa.org/brain-disorderhttps://nida.nih.gov/publications/drugs-brains-behavior-science-addiction/drug-misuse-addictionhttps://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/6407-addictionhttps://drugabusestatistics.org/https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5328289/#:~:text=The%20DSM%2D5%20specifically%20lists,%3B%20stimulants%3B%20and%20tobacco).https://diamondrehabthailand.com/addiction-types/https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/drug-addiction-genes-environmenthttps://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/genes#:~:text=The%20A1%20form%20(allele)%20of,than%20normal%E2%80%94especially%20under%20stress.Become a supporter of this podcast: https://www.spreaker.com/podcast/why-we-do-what-we-do--3419521/support.
Generational Characteristics
Feb 21 2024
Generational Characteristics
Kids these days...but what does that mean? Have kids changed over time? Many people believe that there is something to say about the different "generations." Indeed, each generation experiences similar world events during the impressionable years of youth. What then can we expect from Baby Boomers, Millenials, or Gen Z? We take a skeptical and scientific look at the characteristic features of the behavior of people born during certain eras. RecommendationsAbraham: The Green Knight (https://a24films.com/films/the-green-knight)Shane: Megacon 2024Links and References: https://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,856950,00.html?ref=journeymatters.aihttps://journeymatters.ai/7-generations/https://www.iberdrola.com/talent/generation-x-y-zhttps://www.waldenu.edu/online-masters-programs/ms-in-human-resource-management/what-are-the-best-work-traits-of-each-generationhttp://www.wmfc.org/uploads/generationaldifferenceschart.pdfhttps://genhq.com/the-generations-hub/generational-faqs/https://imagine.jhu.edu/blog/2022/11/17/the-changing-generational-values/https://web.archive.org/web/20190328230347/https://www.newspapers.com/clip/19690752/daily_press/https://www.skeptic.com/michael-shermer-show/generation-myth-why-when-you-are-born-matters-less-than-you-think-bobby-duffy/https://www.pewresearch.org/short-reads/2023/05/22/5-things-to-keep-in-mind-when-you-hear-about-gen-z-millennials-boomers-and-other-generations/https://www.pewresearch.org/politics/2015/09/03/the-whys-and-hows-of-generations-research/Become a supporter of this podcast: https://www.spreaker.com/podcast/why-we-do-what-we-do--3419521/support.
Life and Death Drive
Jan 31 2024
Life and Death Drive
What do we do what we do? Because we do! That's the thesis of the life and death drive. We explain and dismantal this little known hypothesis of behavior championed by the psychoanalysts of the early 20th century. What drives you?RecommendationsAbraham: The Flash (https://www.dc.com/theflash)Shane: Bear vs. Shark - Right Now, You’re in the Best of Hands. And If Something Isn’t Quite Right, Your Doctor Will Know in a Hurry (https://open.spotify.com/album/0pGIIPdSojJ3t4yCIQWM78?si=2rpS3HPuSn2BQfe8dEnTyA)Links and Referenceshttps://muse.jhu.edu/article/860682#:~:text=The%20significance%20of%20Spielrein's%20'destruction,biological%20drives%3B%20that%20of%20self%2Dhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1465-5922.1994.00155.xhttps://www.oxfordreference.com/display/10.1093/oi/authority.20110803095704767https://dictionary.apa.org/nirvana-principlehttps://exploringyourmind.com/freud-and-the-nirvana-principle/https://www.britannica.com/science/thanatos-psychologyhttps://study.com/learn/lesson/freud-death-drive-thanatos.htmlhttps://www.verywellmind.com/life-and-death-instincts-2795847https://www.proquest.com/openview/8a178ef37297d93689a2480053ca4659/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=1818729https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1516/6H94-P06N-8QEN-829Bhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/s11231-022-09356-9https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00207578.2020.1815541https://jwa.org/encyclopedia/article/spielrein-sabina#:~:text=Sabina%20Spielrein%20was%20born%20in,had%20an%20affair%20with%20Jung.https://greekgodsandgoddesses.net/gods/thanatos/#:~:text=In%20Roman%20mythology%2C%20Thanatos%20was,that%20he%20had%20no%20father.https://www.cosmopolitan.com/entertainment/books/g33625689/best-books-black-authors/?utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=arb_ga_cos_md_pmx_us_urlx_18419138764&gclid=CjwKCAiAqY6tBhAtEiwAHeRopXnD4y2DzPa8FwR32r0JtvqWkMqhpVP2-YHNDnfkON3e8EoRYMmYFxoCW1kQAvD_BwEBecome a supporter of this podcast: https://www.spreaker.com/podcast/why-we-do-what-we-do--3419521/support.
Handwriting Analysis
Jan 10 2024
Handwriting Analysis
Humans have long been interested with shortcuts for peering into the enigma of the mind. Further, we search desperately for any clues that can help us identify persons of interest, particularly in crimes. What can we learn about people by analyzing their handwriting? What does your handwriting say about you? If we consider how penmanship develops, and what personality is, it becomes fairly obvious. RecommendationsAbraham: Barbie (https://www.barbie-themovie.com/)Shane: Aladdin the Musical on Broadway (https://aladdinthemusical.com/?gad_source=1&gclid=Cj0KCQiAv8SsBhC7ARIsALIkVT0KAKjaGfVwtFx1MzrgZJhyOJvi-KfKr4vN28RlyZBWpJbQAkl6bp4aAghaEALw_wcB&gclsrc=aw.ds)Links and References: https://dekalbmiller.com/forensic-handwriting-analysis/https://science.howstuffworks.com/handwriting-analysis.htmhttps://www.job-law.com/applicant-asked-for-handwriting-sample/#:~:text=%E2%80%9CHowever%2C%20if%20an%20employer%20can,reasons%2C%20it%20would%20be%20illegal.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4676206/https://www.utimes.pitt.edu/archives/?p=8753https://parade.com/1195032/marynliles/handwriting-analysis/https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0167865518301880https://movementdisorders.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/mdc3.12552https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5571472https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/1363910Become a supporter of this podcast: https://www.spreaker.com/podcast/why-we-do-what-we-do--3419521/support.
Three Meals Per Day
Jan 3 2024
Three Meals Per Day
Three meals per day has been so ingrained in western (and other cultures) for so long that it seems like it might be a biological requirement for humans. But we also know that food was not so easy to come by for our ancestors. We unpack the history of the three meals per day tradition. RecommendationsAbraham: Fargo (season 5; https://www.hulu.com/fx-on-hulu?&cmp=7958&utm_source=google&utm_medium=cpc&utm_campaign=BM+Search+TV+Shows&utm_term=fargo%20full%20episodes&gad_source=1&gclid=CjwKCAiAyp-sBhBSEiwAWWzTnm4SACYGEiLMxagxy5AkRUi9n1uGYTRbingohbVN3pNazz-kB2m6zhoC9ygQAvD_BwE&gclsrc=aw.ds)Shane: Angelina Bakery (https://angelinabakery.com/)Links and References: https://www.emetabolic.com/locations/centers/castle-rock/blog/healthy-living/why_do_we_eat_three_meals_a_day/#:~:text=The%20three%20meals%20per%20day,when%20you're%20not%20hungry.https://daily.jstor.org/why-do-americans-eat-three-meals-a-day/https://www.lacucinaitaliana.com/trends/news/why-do-we-eat-three-times-a-day?refresh_ce=https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-20243692https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2021/03/your-weird-pandemic-meals-are-probably-fine/618210/https://www.medicaldaily.com/how-3-meals-day-became-rule-and-why-we-should-be-eating-whenever-we-get-hungry-324892https://www.perspectivesmcgill.com/allposts/2023/5/2/decolonizing-diets-eating-three-meals-a-day-and-its-colonial-implicationshttps://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living/healthy-eating/eat-smart/nutrition-basics/is-3-meals-a-day-the-only-wayhttps://www.bbc.com/future/article/20220412-should-we-be-eating-three-meals-a-dayhttps://www.raptitude.com/2022/04/the-myth-of-three-meals-a-day/https://recipes.howstuffworks.com/biological-reason-to-eat-three-meals-day.htm?srch_tag=dfxqw23a6dxyxcyzunlyo64x6fybh3fshttps://www.bonappetit.com/test-kitchen/ingredients/article/the-etymology-of-food-and-mealhttps://foodandnutrition.org/blogs/stone-soup/meal-frequency-around-world-can-learn-cultures/Become a supporter of this podcast: https://www.spreaker.com/podcast/why-we-do-what-we-do--3419521/support.
Brainwashed
Dec 20 2023
Brainwashed
Give that cerebrum a good scrubbing. There are two conditions under which we can get a handle on the phenomenon of brainwashing: What conditions produce the effect we might call brainwashing, and the what kind of behaviors or conditions would prompt us to label something as brainwashing. We also explore the idea that this effect isn't even really real. Of course, brainwashing has some not-so-subtle ties to racism and some nefarious activities of the US government in the past. RecommendationsAbraham: Loki (season 2: https://ondisneyplus.disney.com/show/loki-season-2)Shane: Polynesian Fire Luau (https://www.polynesianfire.com/)Links: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/brainwashinghttp://www7.bbk.ac.uk/hiddenpersuaders/blog/hunter-origins-of-brainwashing/#:~:text=Historians%20generally%20agree%20that%20the,American%20journalist%20and%20propaganda%20expert.https://www.history.com/mkultra-operation-midnight-climax-cia-lsd-experimentshttps://www.cia.gov/readingroom/document/06760269https://www.ojp.gov/ncjrs/virtual-library/abstracts/brainwashing-criminal-law-defence#:~:text=Brainwashing%20is%20used%20to%20describe,enforcement%20of%20routine%2C%20and%20hypnosis.https://www.psu.edu/news/research/story/probing-question-does-brainwashing-exist/https://www.pdcnet.org/thought/content/thought_1986_0061_0002_0241_0257https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-031-05599-7_11https://web.s.ebscohost.com/abstract?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=14639955&AN=163784402&h=DsT8Uz3APg6x484q7SKDmqSxEmB0htsKqFY7juEPzf9z8LvmH%2bch5APT49b03AfdAFz2SMmDYllqL6W6O7JhIw%3d%3d&crl=c&resultNs=AdminWebAuth&resultLocal=ErrCrlNotAuth&crlhashurl=login.aspx%3fdirect%3dtrue%26profile%3dehost%26scope%3dsite%26authtype%3dcrawler%26jrnl%3d14639955%26AN%3d163784402https://e-journal.metrouniv.ac.id/index.php/akademika/article/view/1990https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/true-story-brainwashing-and-how-it-shaped-america-180963400/Become a supporter of this podcast: https://www.spreaker.com/podcast/why-we-do-what-we-do--3419521/support.
Talented Genius
Dec 13 2023
Talented Genius
Think of the most talented person you have ever known or known about. Now think about what it means to say that that person is talented. In this discussion, we try to bring a skeptical, behavioral view of the description that we love to apply to the highest performing people of any skill. We define talent, give examples, and then deconstruct the concept until we think we understand it as well as we can. If you've thought about what talent is, who has it, and why, then this episode is for you!RecommendationsAbraham: Mercurial (Game, David Goh https://www.hyperlixir.com/games/mercurial)Shane: In Cold Blood by Truman Capote (https://www.goodreads.com/en/book/show/168642)Links: https://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/columnist/nancy-armour/2021/05/23/simone-biles-gymnastics-officials-foolish-punishing-her-talent/5232267001/Pronko, N. H., (1988). From AI to Zeitgeist: A Philosophical Guide for the Skeptical Psychologist. Greenwood Press: Westport, CT.Schneider, S. M. (2012). The Science of Consequences: How They Affect Genes, Change the Brain, and Impact Our World. Prometheus Books: Amherst, NY.Bijou, S. W. (1993). Behavior Analysis of Child Development. Context Press: Reno, NV.Kantor, J. R., & Smith, N. W. (1975). The Science of Psychology: An Interbehavioral Survey. Principa Press, Chicago, IL.Shenk, D. (2010). The Genius in All of Us: New Insights Into Genetics, Talent, and IQ. Knopf Doubleday Publishing GroupBecome a supporter of this podcast: https://www.spreaker.com/podcast/why-we-do-what-we-do--3419521/support.