Paradigm Shift

Microsoft India

Today, humans all over the world are armed with the brilliance of not only their own intelligence but that of machines as well. The question that is staring us in the face, however, is this: Imagine all that is possible when human talent meets technological prowess? In this season of Paradigm Shift, you’ll hear eight fascinating stories that will tell you about the kind of metamorphosis that is possible at the intersection of human and artificial intelligence. The good that such game-changing technologies can inflict on our lives, our country and our society at large. read less
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Episodes

Episode 08 - Innovating Responsibly
Jun 23 2022
Episode 08 - Innovating Responsibly
The world of AI is replete with innovation. But perhaps it is time to talk about that innovation. How can we innovate and be responsible at the same time? How can industry leaders in AI empower others through their innovations? How can we employ AI for public good and welfare? Credits: Narration: Harsha Bhogle Executive Producer: Gaurav Vaz Producer: Archana Nathan Research, Interviews and Script: Vinay Aravind Narrative overview: Charu Sharma and Shriram Parthasarathy Title track, sound design and background score: Nikhil Rao, Avyay Gujral and Abhijit Nath. All clips and voices used in this podcast are owned by the original creators We thank wholeheartedly all our guests who appeared on this episode Jean Philippe Courtois - Executive Vice President and President, National Transformation Partnerships at MicrosoftSriram Rajamani - Distinguished Scientist and Managing Director at Microsoft Research IndiaGirish Nayak - Chief, Customer Service, Operations and Technology at ICICI LombardGanesh Shankar -  Founder and CEO, FluxGen Links to clips used in the episode and citations: History of the Electric Power Industry - History of the Electric Power Industry (archive.org)History of the World Wide Web - History of the Web – World Wide Web FoundationShare of IT in India’s GDP - India: IT-BPM industry share in GDP 2021 | StatistaMicrosoft’s Responsible AI Principles - Our approach to responsible AI at MicrosoftAbout ICICI Lombard’s use of AI - ICICI Lombard bets big on AI to improve customer experience - Express ComputerAbout HAMS by Microsoft - HAMS: Harnessing AutoMobiles for Safety - Microsoft ResearchAbout FluxGen’s AI based water monitoring system - Solution – FluxGen To learn how Microsoft is working to empower every developer to innovate, every organization to transform industries and every individual to transform society through its differentiated Microsoft AI & Innovation vision, please visit microsoft.com/ai
Episode 07 - Through the Time Machine
Jun 16 2022
Episode 07 - Through the Time Machine
With its vastly rich history and culture, India is a heritage-lover’s paradise. But there’s a problem. A large number of monuments, museums and art is either badly maintained or looks unsalvageable. Solutions from the world of AI, however, argue that things need not be the way they are right now. AI can be used to travel in time to see how the object was originally and attempt to restore it to a large extent. Credits: Narration: Harsha Bhogle Executive Producer: Gaurav Vaz Producer: Archana Nathan Research, Interviews and Scripts: Prthvir Solanki Narrative overview: Charu Sharma and Shriram Parthasarathy Title track, sound design and background score: Nikhil Rao, Avyay Gujral and Abhijit Nath. All clips and voices used in this podcast are owned by the original creators We thank wholeheartedly all our guests who appeared on this episode Benoy K. Behl, art historian, filmmaker and photographerAshwin Srivastava, CEO of Sapio AnalyticsProfessor Ronojoy Adhikari, Associate Professor of Applied Mathematics at University of CambridgeFabin Rasheed, Creator of Auria KathiSahej Rahal, Digital Artist Links to clips used in the episode and citations: The Arctic World Archives website: https://arcticworldarchive.org/Mann Ki Baat Episode where Narendra Modi mentions the Sapio Analytics Project: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L7gEx18Zw98Explore the ancient city of Olympia through Microsoft’s project: https://inculture.microsoft.com/arts/ancient-olympia-common-grounds/A short article about the AI painting sold at Christie’s: https://www.christies.com/features/a-collaboration-between-two-artists-one-human-one-a-machine-9332-1.aspxAuria Kathi’s Instagram page: https://www.instagram.com/p/B6vR2kaFXSd/ To learn how Microsoft is working to empower every developer to innovate, every organization to transform industries and every individual to transform society through its differentiated Microsoft AI & Innovation vision, please visit microsoft.com/ai
Episode 06 - Life Saving Algorithms
Jun 9 2022
Episode 06 - Life Saving Algorithms
AI may not be able to cure diseases, well, at least not yet. But it could help identify a problem well in advance and much before it becomes too late. How? By helping doctors, hospitals, trawl through massive data and images and thereby efficiently screening patients that need immediate care. In other words, AI can make diagnosis faster and in healthcare, time is hope and hope is everything. Credits: Narration: Harsha Bhogle Executive Producer: Gaurav Vaz Producer: Archana Nathan Research, Interviews and Script: Vinay Aravind Narrative overview: Charu Sharma and Shriram Parthasarathy Title track, sound design and background score: Nikhil Rao, Avyay Gujral & Abhijit Nath. All clips and voices used in this podcast are owned by the original creators We thank wholeheartedly all our guests who appeared on this episode Gabriel Vaz, a retired journalist based in BangalorePrashant Gupta, program director for Microsoft CloudDr. Sujoy Kar, the Chief Medical Information Officer of the Apollo Hospitals groupK Chandrasekhar, Founder and CEO of Forus HealthSubadra Kalyanaraman, Manager with a consulting firm based in Chennai Links to clips used in the episode and citations: Cardiovascular disease in India: A 360 degree overview - PMC (nih.gov)General cardiovascular risk profile for use in primary care: the Framingham Heart StudyApollo Hospitals has launched an Artificial Intelligence tool to predict the risk of cardiovascular disease3nethra classic | Forus Healthe-Eye Kendram | Tele-Ophthalmology centres | Apollo Tele HealthMicrosoft uses AI to diagnose cervical cancer faster in IndiaQuest Global Enhances its Lung Nodule Detection Solution Using Microsoft Azure IoT Central, Azure IoT Edge and Azure Machine Learning To learn how Microsoft is working to empower every developer to innovate, every organization to transform industries and every individual to transform society through its differentiated Microsoft AI & Innovation vision, please visit microsoft.com/ai
Episode 05 - Scanning the Skies
Jun 2 2022
Episode 05 - Scanning the Skies
Over the years, the protection of India’s biodiversity and the conservation of nature has been hit by a severe lack of funding and personnel, not to mention the sheer scale of the challenges they have to encounter - from man-made threats to climate change. There is a promise that artificial intelligence and machine learning offers though and this includes scanning our surroundings to identify the species that need to be protected and setting up social networks but for birds. Credits: Narration: Harsha Bhogle Executive Producer: Gaurav Vaz Producer: Archana Nathan Research, Interviews and Script: Vinay Aravind Narrative overview: Charu Sharma and Shriram Parthasarathy Title track, sound design and background score: Nikhil Rao, Avyay Gujral and Abhijit Nath. All clips and voices used in this podcast are owned by the original creators We thank wholeheartedly all our guests who appeared on this episode Ashwin Viswanathan, a research associate at the Nature Conservation FoundationTom Auer, a GIS Developer at the Cornell Lab of OrnithologyDrew Weber, the Merlin Project Co-ordinator at the Cornell LabJason Holmberg, the founder of WildMe Links to clips used in the episode and citations: India’s species diversity - India Biodiversity Awards, 2018 | UNDP in IndiaIndia’s threatened species - India has lost 90 per cent of the area under its biodiversity hotspots, says CSE’s new statistical analysis (cseindia.org)The ebird project - About eBird - eBirdMerlin - The Story – Merlin Bird ID – Free, instant bird identification help and guide for thousands of birds (allaboutbirds.org)WildMe - What we do | Wild MeMicrosoft’s Azure Virtual Machines - Virtual Machines (VMs) for Linux and Windows | Microsoft AzureATREE’s biodiversity Atlas project - ATREE_India_Bio_AI4E Grantee Profile.pdf (windows.net) To learn how Microsoft is working to empower every developer to innovate, every organization to transform industries and every individual to transform society through its differentiated Microsoft AI & Innovation vision, please visit microsoft.com/ai
Episode 04 - Green Revolution 2.0
May 26 2022
Episode 04 - Green Revolution 2.0
Agriculture is complicated. The landscape is changing, there’s climate change and there are a million other factors that affect the farmer’s yield. But it’s what our entire population’s hunger and health depends on. Recent initiatives in AI are finding ways to get the crop to talk to the farmer about what it needs. Credits: Narration: Harsha Bhogle Executive Producer: Gaurav Vaz Producer: Archana Nathan Research, Interviews and Scripts: Prthvir Solanki Narrative overview: Charu Sharma & Shriram Parthasarathy Title track, sound design and background score: Nikhil Rao, Abhijit Nath & Avyay Gujral All clips and voices used in this podcast are owned by the original creators We thank wholeheartedly all our guests who appeared on this episode Ananda Verma, Co-founder at FasalRanveer Chandra, Managing Director, Research for Industry and CTO, Agri-Food at Microsoft ResearchVikram Kumar, Associate Director at Wadhwani AIJibu Elias, AI Ethicist, Senior Researcher and Lead at INDIAaiRam Dhulipala, Senior Scientist at the International Livestock Research Institute and Former Scientist at International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics Links to clips used in the episode and citations: Fasal Website and information about their IoT deviceFarmBeatsNews Reports on Locust Attacks in IndiaBrittanica Entry on the Pink BollwormPunjab Records 34% Cotton Crop Loss After Pink Bollworm Attack To learn how Microsoft is working to empower every developer to innovate, every organization to transform industries and every individual to transform society through its differentiated Microsoft AI & Innovation vision, please visit https://microsoft.com/ai
Episode 02 - (Not so) Lost in Translation
May 12 2022
Episode 02 - (Not so) Lost in Translation
Imagine a construction worker from Odisha going to Bangalore to find work. Or a citizen from interior Nagaland trying to interact with the state government. Language is a barrier to both these people and it can make livelihoods rather challenging. But current research in AI – from deep neural networks to massive multi-lingual models – are already trying to solve this problem.  Credits:  Narration: Harsha Bhogle Executive Producer: Gaurav Vaz Producer: Archana Nathan Research, Interviews and Scripts: Vinay Aravind Narrative overview: Charu Sharma and Shriram Parthasarathy Title track, sound design and background score: Nikhil Rao and Abhijit Nath.  All clips and voices used in this podcast are owned by the original creators We thank wholeheartedly all our guests who appeared on this episode  Dr. Shobha Satyanath, a professor of linguistics at Delhi University Kalika Bali, Principal Researcher, Microsoft India Dr. Monojit Chowdhury, Principal Data and Applied Scientist with Turing Dr. Vivek Seshadri, a researcher at Microsoft India.  Links to clips used in the episode and citations:  The Language Barrier Plaguing India's Stock Market | Mint (livemint.com) Jawaharlal Nehru’s Tryst with Destiny speech780 Indian languages surveyed and documented by PLSI, next aim to document 6000 world languages | India News The Indian Express List of the 122 census recognised languages of India, including Scheduled and Non-Scheduled Languages Prof. G.N. Devy: 'All our languages are losing linguistic prowess' - Frontline (thehindu.com) Deep Learning Neural Networks Explained in Plain English (freecodecamp.org) Artificial Intelligence wrote this entire video. Are you scared yet, human? Project Karya - Microsoft Research ELLORA: Enabling Low Resource Languages - Microsoft Research Microsoft Turing Universal Language Representation model, T-ULRv5, tops XTREME leaderboard and trains 100x faster - Microsoft Research CGNet Swara’s websiteCognitive Services—APIs for AI Solutions | Microsoft Azure
Episode 01 - After the storm
May 5 2022
Episode 01 - After the storm
Weather forecasting is a tough business. There are many variables, and the margin for error is slim. And errors in prediction here can have dire, life-altering consequences. How can artificial intelligence help us gauge the weather better and thereby save lives? Perhaps, an AI model that can predict a flood 15 days before it strikes? Or, a model that uses AI to figure out in advance which properties are potentially at risk in a disaster?  Credits:  Narration: Harsha Bhogle Executive Producer: Gaurav Vaz Producer: Archana Nathan Research, Interviews and Scripts: Prthvir Solanki Narrative overview: Charu Sharma & Shriram Parthasarathy Executive leadership: Rohini Srivathsa & Somanna Palacanda Title track, sound design & background score: Nikhil Rao and Abhijit Nath All clips and voices used in this podcast are owned by the original creators We thank wholeheartedly all our guests who appeared on this episode  Prof. Shafiqul Islam Manmeet Singh Anshu Sharma   Sources: The Wire - News report about the FIR filed by farmers in BeedBusiness Standard - News report about the FIR filed by farmers in BeedRelief Web - Details about the Paradip Cyclone in 1999Hindustan Times - Details about the Paradip Cyclone in 1999New Indian Express - Damage and aftermath of Cyclone AmphanThe Hindu - Death toll and aftermath of Cyclone AmphanOpenAI’s work on DactylDetails on OpenAI’s Rubik’s Cube Solving AI armHistory of the Indian Institute of Tropical MeteorologyDetails on the 2015 heatwave in IndiaScroll - Viral video of a woman cooking eggs on the floor of her home in TelanganaNIE - Viral video of a man cooking eggs on the road in OdishaWMO - Climate Predictions