Famous Indian Personalities - Everyone Should Know About

Chimes Radio

If we ask about the most famous Indian personalities to kids today, a lot of times we may end up hearing the names of some Indian celebrities, film stars, or even businessmen. While these individuals have their own importance, but kids today fail to recall the greatest and selfless Indians who have done wonders and re-written the history and future of our mother nation India.

There are plenty of such famous Indian personalities - from the likes of Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel, Mother Teresa, Dr. Ambedkar, Sachin Tendulkar, etc. - who have done extraordinary service to our nation and society at large, with some even coming from not so privileged or wealthy backgrounds. Children from a young age should be taught about these role models - their life stories, their experiences which shaped them as a human being we know them to be and the sacrifices they made for this great nation.

The teaching of societal and moral values to kids at the right age is vital in today’s era. The non-stop race we all are running in this globalized world - some for survival, others for money, some more for fame - is proving to be an obstacle with little time to guide kids in the right direction. But kids are always observing and forming their opinion about the world. So it becomes paramount for parents to introduce kids to these greatest Indians ever so that when the kids grow up, they have the right role models to look up to as a source of inspiration.

Listening to or reading the stories of such important and famous Indian personalities is likely going to leave a positive impression on the minds and hearts of young kids, thereby bringing them closer to Indian history, our culture, and our Indian values.

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Bipin Chandra Pal
6d ago
7 mins
Bipin Chandra PalLal Bahadur ShastriCaptain (Dr.) Lakshmi Sehgal
Lakshmi Sahgal served as the Minister of Women's Affairs in the Azad Hind government and was a revolutionary in the Indian independence struggle. She was also an officer in the Indian National Army. In India, Captain Lakshmi is known as Lakshmi. Birth: Lakshmi Swaminadhan was born in Madras on October 24, 1914.She was born to S. Swaminadhan, a skilled criminal lawyer, and A.V. Ammukutty, a social worker and independence activist. Childhood: Since she belonged to a fighter family, therefore she always wanted to join the force to act as a rebellion. But her father suggested her to finish off her studies. Adult Life: She got married early but it did not go well. After her separation, Lakshmi attended Queen Mary's College before deciding to study medicine and graduated from Madras Medical College with an MBBS degree in 1938. She also obtained her diploma in gynecology and obstetrics.  She served as a doctor in a hospital in Chennai. Trigger Point in her Life: During the Second World War, the Britishers wanted the doctors to join their army but Dr. Lakshmi left for Singapore and established her own practice. She took part in the Indian National Army League and few years later, she met with Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and received orders to form a women's unit to be known as the Rani of Jhansi regiment, where she became Captain Lakshmi Sahgal. Imphal: Captain Lakshmi was captured by the British army in 1945, just as their soldiers were about to enter Imphal. She was kept under house detention in Burma's jungles until 1946, when she was deported to India. She was finally released after Indian Independence in 1947. Later Years: Lakshmi became a member of the Rajya Sabha in 1971. She arranged relief camps and medical aid for Bangladeshi refugees who flooded into India during the Bangladesh crisis. In 1981, she was one of the founding members of the All India Democratic Women's Association, and she oversaw many of the organization's operations and campaigns like the Bhopal Gas Tradegy in 1984 and worked for peace restoration in anti Sikh riots. Award: Sahgal received the Padma Vibhushan in 1998 and an honorary doctorate from the University of Calicut in 2010. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
7 mins
Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Do you who is called the Missile Man of India? It is India’s former President, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, commonly called, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. He was an Indian aerospace scientist who served as the 11th president of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born on 15th October 1931 in Tamil Nadu. His family belonged to a very humble economic background. Through outt his life, Abdul Kalam have always been a bright hardworking student. He graduated in Physics in 1954 and then pursued aerospace engineering from MIT. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam became an aerospace scientist when he joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organisation, after becoming a member of the Defence Research & Development Service. He started his career by designing a small hovercraft. Kalam joined the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1969 as the project director of India's first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III), which successfully launched the Rohini satellite into near-earth orbit in July 1980. He was a key figure in India's civilian space programme as well as military missile development. As a result of his contributions to the development of ballistic missile and vehicle technology, he was known as India's Missile Man. In 1998, he also had a key organisational, technical, and political role in India's Pokhran-II nuclear testing, the first since the country's first nuclear test in 1974. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
6 mins
Dr. Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanChhatrapati Shivaji
In this episode of “Famous Indian Personalities”, we are going to talk about the popular Maratha ruler Shivaji Bhinsle, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. He was an Indian ruler and a member of the Bhonsle Maratha clan. Shivaji was born on 19 February 1630 in Shivneri. His father Shahji Bhinsle was a general in Deccan Sultanate, and his mother was Jijabai. Those were the days when Mughals used to rule our country. Shivaji and his father served for them. As Shivaji grew older, he and his mother were moved to Pune where he got trained and, educated. With time Sivaji noticed the gruesome treatment of the Mughals towards common people. He then assimilated few loyal people from the western ghats and trained them. With the help of these men Shivaji successfully recaptured few forts of Bijapur from Adil Shah. Till 1647, by the age of 17, Shivaji owned a very big region.  When frustrated Mughals captured Shivaji’s father in order to get hold of Shivaji himself, but he made himself dedicated to his work and focused on expanding his territory. His only goal was to end the rule of Mughals and spread the Maratha rule in India.  After defeating Afzal Khan, many more battles continued to happen until 1674 when Shivaji finally established Maratha rule that continued till 1818. There are many statues build to honor the great Shivaji. Other commemorations include the Indian Navy's station- INS Shivaji, postage stamps, the main airport and railway headquarters in Mumbai, and more. In Maharashtra, there has been a long tradition of children building a replica fort with toy soldiers and other figures during the festival of Diwali in memory of Shivaji.   Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
7 mins
Mangal PandeySir C V Raman
Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was an Indian physicist who was most recognized for his work on light scattering. He is the first Asian to receive a Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect named after him in 1930. Sir C.V. Raman, was born to a Tamil family on 7th November 1888. His father was Chandrasekhara Ramanathan Iyer, and his mother Parvathi Ammal. Since childhood, he was very keen on pursuing science and later became one of the eminent scientists of India.  He completed his graduation in 2 years at the age of 16, and by the time he finished his masters, he had already published two papers to the British Journal Philosophical Magazine. He joined the Indian Finance Service in Calcutta as an Assistant Accountant General when he was 19 years old. There he joined the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), India's first research institute, which allowed him to do independent study and contributed to the fields of acoustics and optics. Finally, in 1917 he was appointed as the Palit Professor of Physics and dedicated himself to full-time research. While traveling to Europe by sea, he was fascinated by the blue color of the sea and later started to research it. On 28th February 1928, C.V. Raman finally discovered the Raman Effect along with his student. As a result, the Indian government has designated February 28th as National Science Day to celebrate his contributions to science. In 1930, he received the most prestigious award, the Nobel prize in Physics for his Raman effect. His other contributions include the establishment of the Indian Academy of Sciences, the foundation of Raman Research Centre in 1948, and more. In 1954, he received India’s highest civilian honor Bharat Ratna Award. Dr. CV Raman, one of the greatest personalities of India, inspires us to follow our dreams and work hard with lots of dedication.  Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
6 mins
Dalai Lama
The Dalai Lama, who was born in Tibet and calls himself the Son of India, is a person of charming personality. He is Tibetan Buddhism's spiritual leader. Lhamo Thondup was his birth name. He was born on July 6, 1935. Let's take a look at Lhamo Thondup Dalai Lama's journey. Around the eighth century AD, Tibetan Buddhism was influenced by the later stages of Indian Buddhism. Gedun Drupa, the spiritual leader, and first Dalai Lama was born in 1391. Following the death of the first Tibetan spiritual leader, the followers looked for a new spiritual leader, which was eventually handed to the next Dalai Lama based on visions. Following the death of the 13th Dalai Lama, one of the senior leaders had a dream vision, starting the search for the next Dalai Lama. They were guided to Kumbum Monastery by the visions of a Buddhist spiritual leader, where they encountered a 2-year-old Lhamo Thondup, who subsequently became the 14th Dalai Lama and was given the spiritual name Thubten Gyatso. He began his religious study under the leadership of other Tibetan monks. He met Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer when he was 11 years old and was inspired to explore the world outside of Lhasa. Finally, he received the Lahrampa degree, the highest degree in Buddhist philosophy, at the age of 24. Since 1949 China had started to claim Tibet which made life tough for Tibetans. When the Dalai Lama visited India in 1956, he was impressed with the country's democracy, which was led by Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. In 1959, His Holiness and his companions were forced into exile in a distant nation. He began running Tibet's administration from India. He started preaching the teachings of World Peace and popularized the concept of meditation. He also founded multiple Tibetan monastic institutions, participated in various interfaith summits, gave public speeches, and conducted teaching activities on world peace, among other things. He also began a nonviolent campaign in Tibet to halt Chinese dominance, for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989. His Holiness spoke and advocated for a variety of issues, including women's empowerment, imparting the concept of meditation in children at a young age, and more. Finally, his teachings on kindness, compassion and dedication to humanity made him one of India's most famous personalities. www.chimesradio.com  http://onelink.to/8uzr4g  https://www.facebook.com/chimesradio/  https://www.instagram.com/vrchimesradio/  Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
6 mins
Aruna Asif Ali
Aruna Asaf Ali is popularly known as the 'Grand Old Lady' was one of the leading female figures of India’s freedom movement. Aruna Asaf Ali was born (on 16 July 1909 in Kalka, Punjab. She was the daughter of Upendranath Ganguly and Ambalika Devi. After her schooling in Lahore, she started teaching in Kolkata and got married to Asif Ali, in 1928. Asif Ali was a senior member of the Indian National Congress. Aruna Asaf Ali became a member of the Indian National Congress after marrying Asaf Ali and was sent to prison for processing in the Salt Satyagraha movement. In 1931, during the second round table conference, the Gandhi-Irwin Pact came into being with many conditions. One of them was that every prisoner of Salt Satyagraha must be released. Other women co-prisoners refused to leave the premises unless Aruna Asif Ali was also released. After massive protests by the public and the intervention of  Mahatma Gandhi, she was released. In 1932, she was again sent to Tihar jail first and then moved to Ambala but her involvement in the Independence movement was active. On 8 August 1942, the All India Congress Committee passed the Quit India resolution at the Bombay session. The government responded by arresting the major leaders and all members of the Congress Working Committee and thus tried to pre-empt the movement from success. Young Aruna Asaf Ali commencement the movement on 9th August and hoisted the Congress flag at the Gowalia Tank Maidan. She was named Heroine of the 1942 movement for her bravery. An arrest warrant was issued in her name but she went underground. The government announced a reward of 5,000 rupees for her capture. and seized all her properties. In the meanwhile, Aruna Asif also edited Inquilab, a monthly magazine of the Congress Party. However, she came out of hiding after Mahatma Gandhi sent her a hand-written note. In 1947 India got her independence and in 1948, Aruna Asif Ali joined to socialist party and got involved in women upliftment efforts. In 1958, she was elected the first woman Mayor of Delhi. Aruna Asaf Ali was awarded International Lenin Peace Prize in 1964, the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding in 1991, India’s second-highest civilian honor in 1992, and finally the highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, posthumously in 1997. In 1998, a road named Aruna Asaf Ali Marg in New Delhi was named in her honor. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
7 mins
Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
In this episode let us hear about famous educationist of 19th century Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. He was an Indian educator and social reformer. Ishwar Chandra Bandyopadhyay was born on 26th  September 1820  to Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay and Bhagavati Devi in Birsingha, West Bengal. As a child, Ishwar Chandra was a kind, intelligent and naughty child. He started studying under his teacher Kantilal, and finished his complete schooling by 9 years of age. After this, he was sent to Kolkata to study Sanskrit. He stayed at a relative's house whose young daughter was very motherly and affectionate towards him, but she was a widow. This left a huge impression on him.  In 1841, at the age of twenty-one years, Ishwar Chandra started working at Fort William College and then Sanskrit College in Kolkata.  Alongside he started working on social reforms like Widow Remarriage, Abolition of polygamy. He also worked on translations of Sanskrit in Bengali texts. This made his contribution to Bengali Prose remarkable.  He also built a lot of schools and got educational reforms for every stratum of society, so that education could be easily available for everyone. Ishwar Chandra got his surname Vidyasagar due to his enormous education and keeping the prestige of his name, he worked endlessly as an educationist till late in his life.  www.chimesradio.com   http://onelink.to/8uzr4g   https://www.facebook.com/chimesradio/   https://www.instagram.com/vrchimesradio/   Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
6 mins
Chandra Shekhar Azad
Chandra Shekhar Azad was an Indian revolutionary who reorganized the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) and preserved the name "Azad," which means "freedom." Azad was born as Chandra Shekhar Tiwari on July 23, 1906, in Alirajpur. His father was Sitaram Tiwari, and his mother was Jagrani Devi. In 1921, he was sent to Banaras to study Sanskrit. He was arrested after joining the Non-Cooperation Movement at the age of 15. When he was brought before the district magistrate, he gave his name as "Azad," his father's name as "Swatantrata," and his residence as "Jail." From that day forward, he was known as Chandra Shekhar Azad among the people. After Gandhi suspended the non-cooperation movement in 1922, Azad joined the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), where he became an active member and participant in numerous revolutionary actions. He and his friends were involved in the Kakori Train Robbery in 1925. His objective was to rob the train and use the money to acquire weapons. Following that, in 1928, after Lala Lajpat Rai was assassinated, Azad and Bhagat Singh teamed together to get vengeance. Azad was captured by police on February 27, 1931, at Allahabad's Alfred Park. After fighting the cops alone for a while with just a gun and a few ammunition, when he found no way to escape and just one bullet left, he chose to give up his life in order to be free. Alfred Park is now known as Azad Park, and various schools, universities, roads, and other public institutions in India bear his name. The Colt pistol of Chandra Shekhar Azad is displayed at the Allahabad Museum. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
6 mins
Maharana Pratap
Maharana Pratap was the king of Mewar in Rajasthan.  He was the first son of Raja Uday Singh, thus he was trained to become a king since childhood. As a child Maharana Pratap was a very friendly and good natured. While on expeditions with his father he made many friends in local tribal kids who taught him surviving skills for hard times. After passing away of his father, Maharana Pratap became the king. With his crown, came his long struggle against the Mughals. At that time Akbar was the king of Mughals, they were expanding their empire and wanted to conquer Gujarat through Mewar. Their policy was to make Indian kings bow to them and give them a prominent position in Mughal empire. Many kings gave in to Akbar, but Maharana Pratap stood his ground, not willing to give up Mewar. This lead to the famous battle of Haldighati. This extensive battle was won by Mughals, and an injured Maharana Pratap was carried by his beloved horse Chetak, who took the famous leap of 22 feet, which saved the king's life but proved fatal for the horse. After that Maharana Pratap lived in jungle for years, depending on the surviving skills learnt in childhood from his tribal friends, and preparing to reclaim Mewar from the Mughals. Ultimately another battle took place and Maharana Pratap reclaimed most of his land from the Mughals. King Akbar, who has started respecting Maharana Pratap by this time, withdrew from Mewar. Maharana Pratap ruled the kingdom till his last breath and was succeeded by his son Rana Amar Singh. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
7 mins
Sri Aurobindo Ghose
Aurobindo Ghosh was an Indian philosopher, yogi, and Indian nationalist. He is popular as Sri Aurobindo. Aurobindo Ghose was born in Calcutta on 15 August 1872. His father, Krishna Dhun Ghose was a doctor and a former member of Brahmo Samaj. And his mother Swarnalata Devi. Sri Aurobindo’s English proficiency was very fluent because of his schooling in  Darjeeling which was a center of British life in India back at that time. His father wanted him to enter the Indian Civil Service so he was sent to England. He cleared the written exams but intentionally delayed the practical to get himself disqualified for the service. Upon returning to India in 1893, he joined Baroda State Service. That’s when he started taking an active interest in the politics of India's independence struggle against British rule. He started writing for the “Vande Mataram” newspaper and pleaded with people to join the independence movement. He organized several meetings and also got the support of other extremist leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal. Sri Aurobindo was also involved in the controversy of the Alipore Bombing in 1908 but no hard evidence was found against him. Later he was sent to jail for writing in the press against the Britishers. In 1910 he moved to Pondicherry and withdrew himself from all political activities. In Pondicherry, Sri Aurobindo performed secluded yoga and started a magazine named “Arya”. In parallel, he also worked on writing books like The Life Divine, The Synthesis of Yoga, Essays on The Gita, The Secret of The Veda, Hymns to the Mystic Fire, and more.   In 1930, he wrote a poem, “Savitri” which became his greatest literary achievement. With his increase of followers, he with the help of his spiritual collaborator, Mirra Alfassa, founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram. Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was one of the influential leaders who taught the importance of spiritual education. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
6 mins
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Raja Ram Mohan Roy was one of the founders of the Brahmo Sabha.  He was an educator and social reformer. He was born in Hoogly, West Bengal, on the 22nd of May 1772. Ram Kanta was his father, and Tarini Devi was his mother. In the village path-shala, Ram Mohan began his formal education. In his childhood, he studied Bengali, Persian, and Sanskrit. Later in his life, when he was at Banaras, he studied the Hindu scriptures. He believed in the “Unity of God”. When Raja Ram Mohan Roy saw his sister-in-law fall victim to the Sati scheme, he took a stand against societal beliefs. Sati was an ancient tradition that stated that if a man died due to some situation, his wife would have to give up her life as well. He began organizing meetings on women's empowerment, women's rights, women's education, and the abolition of child marriages in the 1820s. He began educating people about social evils such as polygamy, the caste system, child marriage, superstitions, and other traditions. In 1820, he established the Brahmo Sabha, a religious movement dedicated to combating social evils. At the same time, he was translating Hindu scriptures into English. He had always been interested in education and believed that India could only be bettered by education. He established the Hindu College in Calcutta in 1817, in association with David Hare. Roy established the Anglo-Hindu school in 1822, Vedanta College in 1826, and other institutions. After his tireless efforts and opposition, the Sati scheme was eventually outlawed in 1829. The Mughal emperor Akbar II bestowed the title of Raja upon him. In the fields of politics, public policy, education, and religion, his influence was overwhelming. Raja Ram Mohan Roy is also known as the "Father of the Bengal Renaissance." Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
6 mins
Khudiram Bose
Khudiram Bose was one of India's youngest revolutionaries. He was born on December 3rd, 1889, in Medinipur, district of Bengal. His parents died when he was a newborn, so he was raised by his older sister and her husband. Sri Aurobindo and Sister Nivedita visited Midnapore in 1903 when Khudiram heard their speech in which they urged India's youth to join the independence movement. Bose was so inspired by their speech that he actively took part in Sri Aurobindo's secret planning in the freedom movement. While still in college, he entered the Martyrs Club in 1904. Khudiram was just 16 years old when he carried out some revolutionary activities during the Partition of Bengal in 1905. Khudiram and Prafulla tried to kill Magistrate Douglas Kingsford, a British judge. However, due to poor timing, two British women were killed by the bomb instead of Kingsford. People rallied to his defense after he was arrested. Khudiram Bose was given the death penalty by the judge. This decision was voted down by the entire Bengal. Bal Gangadhar Tilak defended the two young men in his newspaper Kesari and called for immediate Swaraj. Despite all efforts, the Britishers considered nothing, and finally, on 11 August 1908, he was executed.  His funeral procession passed through the city, and as the carriage passed by, people proceeded to throw flowers on the body. Khudiram Bose is known as the youngest Indian freedom fighter to give his life in the fight for independence. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
6 mins
Jawaharlal Nehru
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India. He was quite popular among children and they called him Chacha Nehru. He was born on 14th November 1889 in Allahabad. He was the son of Swarup Ran (mother), and Motilal Nehru (father). Both his parents were attached and involved with freedom movements. He studied theosophy in his childhood and got into the Theosophical Society at age thirteen. Nehru's theosophical interests led him to the study of the Buddhist and Hindu scriptures which later culminated in his book “ The Discovery of India”. 1912, Nehru enrolled himself as an advocate of the Allahabad High Court and tried to settle down as a barrister but he was not interested in law. In 1912, Nehru attended an annual session of the Indian National Congress in Patna and joined Indian politics. He took an active part in movements like Home Rule Movement, Non-Cooperation Movement, and many more. In 1919, while he was traveling, he heard General Dyer talking about the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. Dyer mentioned how satisfied he was after that incident. That’s when Nehru decided to get freedom from the Britishers. He was sent to jail almost 9 times and there he wrote many books like his autobiography, “Towards Freedom”, “Letters from a father to his daughter”, “ Discovery of India”, “Glimpses of World History” and more. He was the right hand of Mahatma Gandhi in Indian Independence. They were an active part of the Civil Disobedience Movement, Salt Satyagraha, Quit India Movement. Nehru became the first Prime Minister of Independent India. Later he worked with Sardar Patel to unify India. In 1950 India became Republic. In 1955, he received the Bharat Ratna for his efforts on Indian industrialization. His attire- the jacket with a rose in the pocket and a Nehru cap is his style statement. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
5 mins
Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai or the Lion of Punjab was an inspirational leader, orator, journalist, author, and fierce freedom fighter. He was born on 28th January 1865 in Firozpur, Punjab. His father was Munshi Radha Krishan Agarwal and his mother Gulab Devi Agarwal. Lala Lajpat Rai studied law in Lahore where he met many freedom fighters. He was influenced by the movement of Swami Dayanand Saraswati and became part of Arya Samaj. He later joined Indian National Congress and in 1884 he moved to Hisar which was the changing point of his life. He established a branch of the Indian National Congress in Hisar.    While studying law, he practiced journalism and started writing to influence people for freedom. His contemporaries were Aurobindo Ghosh, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal. Lal Bal Pal together started protesting and agitating. These leaders together launched the Swadeshi movement and Civil Disobedience movement which was later promoted by Mahatma Gandhi.    In 1914, he quit law practice to dedicate himself to the freedom of India. In 1917 he went to several countries like Britain, United States to influence the Indian community residing there. He founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York and also became the President of the Indian National Congress. Lala Lajpat Rai started several reforms and spoke against issues like the caste system, position of women, untouchability, and more. He also established several schools and colleges for the youths of India.    In 1928, the British government set up the Commission, headed by to report on the political situation in India. The Indian political parties boycotted the Commission because it did not include a single Indian in its membership. On 30 October 1928, Lajpat Rai led a non-violent, peaceful march in protest against it. The protesters chanted "Simon Go Back" and carried black flags. The Superintendent of Police, James A. Scott, ordered the police to lathi charge where Lajpat was seriously injured. Despite being extremely injured, Rai addressed the crowd and said, "I declare that the blows struck at me today will be the last nail in the coffin of British rule in India". He passed away on 17 November 1928. Bhagat Singh, who was a witness to the event, vowed to take revenge on one of the greatest leaders of India. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
6 mins
Jhansi ki Rani
Rani Laxmi Bai was named Manikarnika Tambe and was nicknamed as Manu.She is also known as Jhansi Ki Rani, the queen who was fought against the British without any fear. She was born on 19th November 1828, in the town of Varanasi. Her father was Moropant Tambe and her mother Bhagirathi Sapre. Her father was the commander to the King of Peshwa, Bajirao of Bitoor district. The Peshwa called her "Chhabili" for her playful nature. She was educated at home and learned sports with her friends Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope like martial arts, horse riding, sword fighting, and more. She always preferred traveling on the horseback to using a palanquin. Her horses included Sarangi, Pavan, and Baadal.   She was married to the King of Jhansi and that’s when she became Rani Laxmi Bai from Manikarnika. Later she adopted a boy and named him Damodar Rao. After the death of the King, the British Raj officers applied the Doctrine of Lapse, a policy according to which if any Indian ruler dies without leaving a natural male heir, his kingdom would automatically pass over to the British. As a result, the Britishers wanted to claim Jhansi to which Rani Laxmi Bai cried out "Main apni Jhansi Nahi doongi". That is when the fight against the Britishers started. She would tie her kid around her chest and fight on horseback.   There are novels, articles, and movies made in honor of her bravery. Even Netaji named the women regiment of the Indian army as Rani Jhansi regiment. The famous statue of Rani Laxmi Bai. She is an inspiration for all her countrymen. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
5 mins
Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda was born on 12th January 1863 in Calcutta. His father, Vishwanath Datta was a barrister and a novelist and his mother were Bhubaneswari Devi. Swami Ji's birth name was Narendranath Datta. He was a very sharp student since his childhood. He was the only student to receive a first-division in the entrance examination of Presidency College. Apart from his subjects, he loved reading a wide range of subjects like philosophy, religion, history, social science, ancient scriptures like the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and the Puranas. Narendra also studied Western philosophies which he then translated into the Bengali language. Swami Vivekananda was known for his sharp memory and ability at speed reading.  In 1880, he came in contact with the Brahmo Samaj and that was the start and breakthrough of his spiritual journey. He met Ramkrishna, his Guru, in 1881 in Dakhineswar. Swamiji was highly influenced by the thoughts of his Guru. In 1886 Swamiji took monistic vows and that is when he became Swami Vivekananda from Narendranath Dutta. In 1888, he left to travel the whole country with only two books in his hand: the Bhagavad Gita and The Imitation of Christ. He decided to preach and uplift his country and the fellow countrymen. In 1893, after visiting Japan & China, he went to America where he participated in the Parliament of religions. In the Parliament of religion, he opened his speech with,” Sisters and Brothers of America” after which he received heavy applause and a standing ovation. The western media named him, “The Cyclonic monk from India”. His teachings focused on human development and he believed in compassion, morality, and spirituality. Listen to this episode of Famous Indian Personalities and other interesting kids podcasts on free Chimes Radio mobile apps. Available on Google and Apple App stores. Support the show: https://www.patreon.com/chimesradio See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
6 mins