Following Prussia's victory at Königgrätz in 1866, the North German Confederation became an instrument for Prussian dominance. All northern German states not directly annexed by Prussia were put in the new Confederation in which Berlin assumed control of their foreign and military affairs, and most of their internal ones as well. A solid block of Prussian territory stretched now between France and Belgium in the west to Russian Lithuania in the east.
Tensions rise between Paris and Berlin, and Napoleon III of France blunders into a war against Germany for which he is not prepared
Music composed by Brahms Symphony nr 3, parts of the 2nd and 3rd movements
Picture - German troops at Torcy, in September 1870
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